Open Access Research article

Student apathy for classroom learning and need of repositioning in present andragogy in Indian dental schools

Rajani A Dable1*, Babita R Pawar2, Jaykumar R Gade3, Prasanth M Anandan4, Girish S Nazirkar5 and Jyoti T Karani6

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Prosthodontics, SMBT Dental College and Hospital and Research Institute, Ghulewadi (Amrutnagar) P.O., Ahmednagar, 422608, Maharashtra, India

2 Department of Periodontics, Pravara Rural Dental College & Hospital, Loni, Maharashtra, India

3 Department of Prosthodontics, SDKS Dental college and hospital, Wana Dongri, Nagpur, Maharashtra, India

4 Department of Pedodontics, Vyas Dental College & Hospital, Kudi Haud, Jodhpur, Rajasthan, India

5 Department of Prosthodontics, SMBT Dental College and Hospital and Research Institute, Ghulewadi (Amrutnagar) P.O., Sangamner, Maharashtra, India

6 Department of Prosthodontics, Terna Dental College & Hospital, Nerul (W), Navi Mumbai, Navi Mumbai, Maharashtra, India

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BMC Medical Education 2012, 12:118  doi:10.1186/1472-6920-12-118

Published: 24 November 2012



In the world of technology, when today's student is approaching the on-line /distance learning in the open universities and doing on-line self-assessment, the classroom learning is vanishing slowly. Globally, teachers are taking efforts to improve the pedagogy by implementing effective methods to retain the classroom teaching and student attendance. The present study aims at shedding some light on the need of changing the adult education strategies (andragogy), which can effectively improve the student attendance for lectures.


It is an observational study, and the conceptual framework of it is based on beliefs, opinions and personal experiences of the respondents. Triangulation method is used for collecting the data. The data is achieved from three groups of concerned population who could provide valid results to support the study. It is collected by interviewing 10 senior faculty members who are/were the 'education experts' in the universities, while the main concerned groups of present educational stream, i.e. 'institution-teachers' and the 'students', were given questionnaires. 570 teacher respondents and 200 student respondents are the main participants of this study.


As per data, it has been observed that senior faculty (90%) and students (93.25%) feel need of student motivation more than the institutional teachers (52.44%). P-values were obtained using Chi-Square test for testing the significance of difference between agreement and disagreement for a specific question.


In India, Universities have already sensed the need of 'teacher development programmes'. But teachers in dental colleges, demand more efforts to be taken by universities and managements in this regard and expect better educational policies to give them accessibility to prove themselves.

Contemporary education; Student psychology; Teacher development; Classroom teaching; Distance learning; Andragogy; Dental education