Table 3

Effects of the patient safety on medical students' knowledge, skills, and attitudes

Outcome dimension(s) addressed

Studies

Evaluation design

Quality score

Effects


Post survey

Follow up


knowledge

Halbach 2005

pre/post survey, follow up

8

Madigosky 2006

pre/post survey, follow up

8

Moskowitz 2007

pre/post survey

6

/

/

Patey 2009

pre survey, follow up

8

/

Paxton 2009

pre/post survey

6

/

Gunderson 2009

pre/post survey

6

/

skills

Halbach 2005

pre/post survey, follow up

8

Madigosky 2006

pre/post survey, follow up

8

Some↑

Some→

Some↑

Some→

Moskowitz 2007

pre/post survey

6

/

/

Anderson 2009

pre/post survey

10

/

Patey 2009

pre survey, follow up

8

/

Paxton 2009

pre/post survey

6

/

Gunderson 2009

pre/post survey

6

/

attitudes

Madigosky 2006

pre/post survey, follow up

8

Some↑

Some→

Some*

Some↑

Some→

Some*

Moskowitz 2007

pre/post survey

6

Some↑

Some→

/

Patey 2009

pre survey, follow up

8

/


Gunderson 2009

pre/post survey

6

/


↑:improvement or changes in the expected direction

→:no effect or without change or not sustained

/:not report

*:changes in an undesired direction

Nie et al. BMC Medical Education 2011 11:33   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-11-33

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