Table 1

Items of the factors resulting from the factor analysis

Cronbach's Alpha

Mean Score (SD)




3.07 (0.73)

- When I have made a schedule I stick to it.


- I am good at planning my time.


- My study efforts are distributed evenly over the academic year.


- I draw up a study schedule.


- I summarise the material I am studying.


- On days when there are no obligatory study activities

I study mostly in the morning.


- I make an outline of the material to be studied.




2.89 (0.71)

- I usually study in a number of short sessions.


- When I am studying I am not easily distracted.


- I take breaks when I am studying.


- I stop studying as soon as I get tired.




2.79 (0.70)

- I revise skills during unsupervised practice sessions.


- I revise skills by practising on other students/housemates/family.


- I prepare for skill training sessions.


- When I don't understand something I look it up in the literature. after training.


- I revise material I find difficult.


Study style/self reflection

. 73

3.61 (0.45)

- I try to see how different parts of a subject are interconnected.


- After studying a subject I am able to explain it clearly.


- I pay extra attention to subjects I do not understand.


- When something goes wrong in my studies I try to find out what caused it.


- I know my strengths and weaknesses with regard to studying.


- When I don't understand things during training I ask questions.


- I hate it when there is something I do not understand.


- I work to improve my weaknesses.


- I use different resources to study the learning objectives.


- I also read medical articles not directly related to the current topic.


Duvivier et al. BMC Medical Education 2011 11:101   doi:10.1186/1472-6920-11-101

Open Data