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Open Access Research article

Elevated expression of LSD1 (Lysine-specific demethylase 1) during tumour progression from pre-invasive to invasive ductal carcinoma of the breast

Nuran Serce1*, Annette Gnatzy1, Susanne Steiner1, Henning Lorenzen2, Jutta Kirfel1 and Reinhard Buettner3

Author Affiliations

1 Institute of Pathology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, Bonn 53127, Germany

2 Institute of Medical Biometrics, Informatics and Epidemiology, University of Bonn, Sigmund-Freud-Str. 25, Bonn 53127, Germany

3 Institute of Pathology, University of Cologne, Kerpener Str. 62, Cologne, 50924, Germany

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BMC Clinical Pathology 2012, 12:13  doi:10.1186/1472-6890-12-13

Published: 24 August 2012

Abstract

Background

Lysine-specific demethylase1 (LSD1) is a nuclear protein which belongs to the aminooxidase-enzymes playing an important role in controlling gene expression. It has also been found highly expressed in several human malignancies including breast carcinoma. Our aim was to detect LSD1 expression also in pre-invasive neoplasias of the breast. In the current study we therefore analysed LSD1 protein expression in ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) in comparison to invasive ductal breast cancer (IDC).

Methods

Using immunohistochemistry we systematically analysed LSD1 expression in low grade DCIS (n = 27), intermediate grade DCIS (n = 30), high grade DCIS (n = 31) and in invasive ductal breast cancer (n = 32). SPSS version 18.0 was used for statistical analysis.

Results

LSD1 was differentially expressed in DCIS and invasive ductal breast cancer. Interestingly, LSD1 was significantly overexpressed in high grade DCIS versus low grade DCIS. Differences in LSD1 expression levels were also statistically significant between low/intermediate DCIS and invasive ductal breast carcinoma.

Conclusions

LSD1 is also expressed in pre-invasive neoplasias of the breast. Additionally, there is a gradual increase of LSD1 expression within tumour progression from pre-invasive DCIS to invasive ductal breast carcinoma. Therefore upregulation of LSD1 may be an early tumour promoting event.

Keywords:
LSD1; DCIS; IDC