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Open Access Research article

Effect of Salvia leriifolia Benth. root extracts on ischemia-reperfusion in rat skeletal muscle

Hossein Hosseinzadeh1*, Azar Hosseini2, Marjan Nassiri-Asl3 and Hamid-Reza Sadeghnia4

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Pharmaceutical Research Center, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, I.R. Iran

2 Faculty of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, I. R. Iran

3 Department of Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, I.R. Iran

4 Department of Pharmacology, School of Medicine, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, I.R. Iran

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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2007, 7:23  doi:10.1186/1472-6882-7-23

Published: 7 July 2007

Abstract

Background

Salvia leriifolia have been shown to decrease ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury in brain tissues. In this study, the effects of S. leriifolia aqueous and ethanolic extracts were evaluated on an animal model of I/R injury in the rat hind limb.

Methods

Ischemia was induced using free-flap surgery in skeletal muscle. The aqueous and ethanolic extracts of S. leriifolia (100, 200 and 400 mg/kg) root and normal saline (10 ml/kg) were administered intraperitoneally 1 h prior reperfusion. During preischemia, ischemia and reperfusion conditions the electromyographic (EMG) potentials in the muscles were recorded. The markers of oxidative stress including thiobarbituric acid reactive substances (TBARS), total sulfhydryl (SH) groups and antioxidant capacity of muscle (using FRAP assay) were measured.

Results

In peripheral ischemia, the average peak-to-peak amplitude during ischemic-reperfusion was found to be significantly larger in extracts groups in comparison with control group. Following extracts administration, the total SH contents and antioxidant capacity were elevated in muscle flap. The MDA level was also declined significantly in test groups.

Conclusion

It is concluded that S. leriifolia root extracts have some protective effects on different markers of oxidative damage in muscle tissue injury caused by lower limb ischemia-reperfusion.