Table 6

Comparison of five studies indexed in all four databases (subheadings, gender, age group, human/animal, and publication type were removed)

Citations (Authors, Title, Source)

MEDLINE – MeSH

MANTIS – Descriptors

CINAHL Subject Headings

Web of Science – Author Keywords/Keywords Plus

Gracovetsky SA, Newman NM, Richards MP, et al. Evaluation of clinician and machine performance in the assessment of low back pain. Spine 1998; 23:568–75.

Biomechanics Electrodes Evaluation Studies Low Back Pain Medical History Taking Pain Measurement Prospective Studies Single-Blind Method Truth Disclosure Weight Lifting

Clinical competence. Diagnosis. Disability evaluation. Instrumentation. Lifting. Low back pain. Lumbar vertebrae. Physical examination. Reproducibility of results

Data Analysis Software Descriptive Statistics *Diagnosis, Musculoskeletal *Honesty *Lifting *Low Back Pain P-Value *Physical Examination Prospective Studies

    Author Keywords
– Abnormal, Clinician, Concordance, Diagnosis, Evaluation, Low back pain, Machine, Normal, Receiver Operating characteristic, Spine
    Keywords Plus
– Physical-examination, Lumbar spine, Diagnostic-accuracy, Flexion extension, Iso-machines, strength, Signs

Haas M, Panzer D, Peterson D, et al. Short-Term Responsiveness of Manual Thoracic End-Play Assessment to Spinal Manipulation: A Randomized Controlled Trial of Construct Validity. Journal Of Manipulative And Physiological Therapeutics 1995; 18:582–9.

Analysis of variance Chiropractic Prospective studies Spinal diseases Thoracic vertebrae Treatment outcome

Chiropractic Manipulation, chiropractic. Manipulation, orthopedic. Manipulation, spinal. Palpation, motion. Reproducibility of results. Thoracic vertebrae

Chiropractic manipulation Evaluation research Students, allied health Two-Way Analysis of variance

    Author Keywords
– Outcomes research, Chiropractic, Clinical trials, randomized

Kristiansson P, Svardsudd K. Discriminatory power of tests applied in back pain during pregnancy. Spine. 1996 Oct 15;21(20):2337–43; discussion 2343–4.

Back pain, Cohort studies Cross-sectional studies Diagnostic tests, routine Pain measurement Pain threshold *Predictive value of tests Pregnancy Prevalence Spine

Back pain. Diagnosis (di). back Epidemiology (ep). Low back pain. Pain measurement. Physical examination. Pregnancy Reproducibility of results

Back Funding source Observational Methods Pain Measurement *Physical Examination Pregnancy Prospective Studies Questionnaires Spearman's Rank Correlation Coefficient Visual Analog Scaling

    Author Keywords
– Back pain, Epidemiology, Physical examination Pregnancy
    Keywords Plus
– Sacroiliac joint Reliability

Leboeuf-Yde C, Kyvik KO. Is it possible to differentiate people with or without low-back pain on the basis of tests of lumbopelvic dysfunction? J. Manipulative Physiol Ther 2000; 23:160–7.

Chiropractic Denmark Diseases in Twins Low Back Pain Physical Examination Predictive Value of Tests Prevalence Questionnaires Sensitivity and Specificity

Chiropractic. Diagnosis. Extension. Flexion. Lordosis. Low back pain. Methods. Orthopedic. Physical examination. Predictive value of tests. Range of motion, articular. Reproducibility of results

Chi Square Test *Chiropractic Assessment Data Analysis Software *Instrument Validation *Low Back Pain Predictive Value of Tests Questionnaires Self Report Sensitivity and Specificity Twins

    Author Keywords
– Chiropractic, Sensitivity, Specificity, Predictive value, Prevalence, Low pack pain.
    Keywords Plus
– Lumbar segmental abnormality, 8 evaluative dimensions, Physical-examination, Interexaminer reliability, Spinal manipulation, Sacroiliac joint, History, Rates

Sandmark H, Nisell R. Validity of five common manual neck pain provoking tests. Scand J Rehabil Med 1995; 27:131–6.

*Epidemiologic Methods *Neck Pain Predictive Value of Tests Questionnaires Reproducibility of Results Single-Blind Method

Diagnosis. Neck pain. Pain measurement. Reproducibility of results

*Cervical Vertebrae Data Analysis, Statistical Descriptive Statistics *Diagnosis, Musculoskeletal False Negative Reactions False Positive Reactions *Neck *Pain Measurement Palpation Physical Therapy Questionnaires Random Sample Single-Blind Studies

    Author keywords
– Epidemiology, Electricians, Manual medicine, Neck dysfunction, Physical examination, Sensitivity, Specificity


Murphy et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2003 3:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-3-3

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