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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Intestinal α-glucosidase and some pancreatic enzymes inhibitory effect of hydroalcholic extract of Moringa stenopetala leaves

Alemayehu Toma12*, Eyasu Makonnen1, Yelamtsehay Mekonnen3, Asfaw Debella4 and Sirichai Addisakwattana5

Author Affiliations

1 Pharmacology Department, School of Medicine, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

2 Pharmacology Unit, School of Medicine, Hawassa University, P O Box 1560, Hawassa, Ethiopia

3 Department of Biology, College of Natural Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

4 Department of Traditional and Modern Drug Research, Ethiopian Public Health Institute (EHPI), Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

5 The Medical Food Research and Development Center, Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, Chulalongkorn University, Pathumwan 10330 Bangkok, Thailand

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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2014, 14:180  doi:10.1186/1472-6882-14-180

Published: 3 June 2014

Abstract

Background

Moringa stenopetala has been used in traditional health systems to treat diabetes mellitus. One of the successful methods to prevent of the onset of diabetes is to control postprandial hyperglycemia by the inhibition of α-glucosidase and pancreatic α-amylase activities, resulting in the aggressive delay of the carbohydrate digestion of absorbable monosaccharides. The aim of the present study is to investigate the effect of the extract of the leaves of Moringa stenopetala on α-glucosidase, pancreatic α-amylase, pancreatic lipase, and pancreatic cholesterol esterase activities, and, therefore find out the relevance of the plant in controlling blood sugar and lipid levels.

Methods

The dried leaves of Moringa stenopetala were extracted with hydroalcoholic solvent and dried using rotary vapor under reduced pressure. The dried extracts were determined for the total phenolic compounds, flavonoid content and condensed tannins content by using Folin-Ciocateu’s reagent, AlCl3 and vanillin assay, respectively. The dried extract of plant-based food was further quantified with respect to intestinal α-glucosidase (maltase and sucrase) inhibition and pancreatic α-amylase inhibition by glucose oxidase method and dinitrosalicylic (DNS) reagent, respectively.

Results

The phytochemical analysis indicated that flavonoid, total phenolic, and condensed tannin contents in the extract were 71.73 ± 2.48 mg quercetin equivalent/g of crude extract, 79.81 ± 2.85 mg of gallic acid equivalent/g of crude extract, 8.82 ± 0.77 mg catechin equivalent/g of crude extract, respectively. The extract inhibited intestinal sucrase more than intestinal maltase with IC50 value of 1.47 ± 0.19 mg/ml. It also slightly inhibited pancreatic α-amylase, pancreatic lipase and pancreatic cholesterol esterase.

Conclusion

The result demonstrated the beneficial biochemical effects of Moringa stenopetala by inhibiting intestinal α-glucosidase, pancreatic cholesterol esterase and pancreatic lipase activities. A daily supplement intake of the leaves of Moringa stenopetala may help in reducing hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia.

Keywords:
Moringa stenopetala; Phytochemical analysis; α-glucosidase; Pancreatic enzymes