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Open Access Research article

Ganghwaljetongyeum, an anti-arthritic remedy, attenuates synoviocyte proliferation and reduces the production of proinflammatory mediators in macrophages: the therapeutic effect of GHJTY on rheumatoid arthritis

Bo-Ram Jeoung1, Kyung Dong Lee2, Chang-Su Na3, Young-Eok Kim4, BoA Kim5 and Young Ran Kim1*

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Pharmaceutical Engineering, Dongshin University, Naju, Jeonnam, 520-724, South Korea

2 Department of Oriental Medicine Materials, Dongshin University, Naju, Jeonnam, 520-724, South Korea

3 College of Oriental Medicine, Dongshin University, Naju, Jeonnam, 520-724, South Korea

4 Department of Physical Therapy, Dongshin University, Naju, Jeonnam, 520-724, South Korea

5 Department of Microbiology, Chonnam University Medical School, Gwangju, 501-746, South Korea

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BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013, 13:47  doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-47

Published: 26 February 2013

Abstract

Background

Ganghwaljetongyeum (GHJTY), a complex herbal decoction, is used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. However, the action mechanism of GHJTY is not still unclear on rheumatoid arthritis. In this study, we examined the beneficial effects and the action mechanisms of GHJTY on synoviocyte proliferation and inflammatory mediators.

Methods

To test the effect of GHJTY on synoviocyte proliferation, HIG-82 cells, rabbit knee synovial membrane cells, were treated with GHJTY under IL-1β. To evaluate the effects of GHJTY on proinflammatory mediators, we tested cytokine levels in RAW264.7 cells.

Results

Proliferation of HIG-82 cells was significantly inhibited by GHJTY treatment. We found that GHJTY caused cytoskeleton damage to HIG-82 cells. In contrast, treatment of GHJTY did not show any cytotoxicity to other different origin cell lines, HeLa and RAW264.7 cells. GHJTY inhibited IL-1β-mediated NF-κB activation in HIG-82 cells and reduced the LPS-mediated production of proinflammatory cytokines, TNF-α, IL-12, and NO in RAW264.7 cells. In addition, the expression of cyclooxygenase in LPS-activated RAW264.7 cells was also decreased by GHJTY treatment.

Conclusions

These results suggest that GHJTY might effectively attenuate rheumatoid arthritis by inhibiting the production of proinflammatory mediators and the proliferation of synoviocytes.

Keywords:
Ganghwaljetongyeum; Rheumatoid arthritis; Synoviocytes; Inflammation; IL-1β; NF-κB