SSE inhibits Akt/mTOR pathway and activates MAPKs pathway. (A) Cell lysates were prepared after treatment with SSE at 50 μg/mL for 0.25, 0.5, 1, 3, and 6 h, and then subjected to western blot analysis for the determination of levels of AMPK, Akt, mTOR, and their phosphorylated forms. (B) Lysates were also determined for the levels of p38, ERK, JNK, and phosphorylated forms. Data represent 2 independent experiments.
Kim et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2013 13:233 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-13-233