Table 3

Symptoms for which Kampo medicines were prescribed
Symptoms All physicians (nā€‰=ā€‰200) Palliative care teams (nā€‰=ā€‰149) PCUs (n = 46) p-value
frequency % frequency % frequency %
Numbness/Hypesthesia 99 49.5 86 57.7 12 26.1 0.000
Constipation (not caused by opioid use) 76 38 56 37.6 20 43.5 0.182
Anorexia/Weight loss 72 36 60 40.3 12 26.1 0.046
Muscle cramp 71 35.5 54 36.2 17 37.0 0.279
Languor/Fatigue 64 32 49 32.9 14 30.4 0.818
Constipation (caused by opioid use) 48 24 37 24.8 11 23.9 0.490
Abdominal discomfort 46 23 29 19.5 16 34.8 0.088
Diarrhea 45 22.5 39 26.2 5 10.9 0.090
Delirium 40 20 27 18.1 13 28.3 0.155
Pain 38 19 35 23.5 3 6.5 0.020
Edema (Local edema/Anasarca) 31 15.5 25 16.8 6 13.0 0.546
Nausea/Vomiting (other) 27 13.5 22 14.8 5 10.9 0.566
Nausea/Vomiting (during chemotherapy) 22 11 22 14.8 0 0.0 0.016
Stomatitis/Xerostomia 21 10.5 19 12.8 2 4.3 0.216
Taste alteration 20 10 17 11.4 3 6.5 0.409
Depression 20 10 17 11.4 3 6.5 0.409
Nausea/Vomiting (caused by opioid use) 17 8.5 16 10.7 1 2.2 0.129
Adjustment disorder 15 7.5 12 8.1 3 6.5 0.846
Sleep disorder/Insomnia 14 7 10 6.7 4 8.7 0.823
Others 13 6.5 6 4.0 6 13.0 0.055
Anemia 11 5.5 9 6.0 2 4.3 0.805
Dysphagia/Deglutition disorder 10 5 9 6.0 1 2.2 0.581
Dyspnea/Breathlessness 6 3 5 3.4 1 2.2 1.000
Muscle weakness 3 1.5 3 2.0 0 0.0 0.614

Multiple answers allowed, p-value based on Chai-square test.

Iwase et al.

Iwase et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:222   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-222

Open Data