Table 5

Use of selected complementary medicine (CM) categories to treat/manage type-2 diabetes, by selected measures of diabetes severity
CM Diets*n=44 NVNMDSn=55 Other CMn=29 Multi CM§n=13
Percent|| S.E. Percent|| S.E. Percent|| S.E. Percent|| S.E.
TOTAL 35.19 5.11 33.74 5.07 21.21 4.55 9.86 3.02
Percent# S.E. Percent# S.E. Percent# S.E. Percent#7 S.E. P-value††
Count of diabetes severity measures‡‡
0-2 81.97 6.85 66.86 6.7 56.69 11.7 88.89 10.4 0.195
>=3 18.09 6.85 33.14 6.7 43.31 11.7 11.11 10.4
DM duration(years)
1-< 5 40.5 6.96 30.76 7.5 34.57 13.8 63.31 15.3 0.109
5-<10 23.52 7.93 16.9 6.6 3.27 2.45 4.63 4.64
>= 10 35.89 8.77 52.34 7.98 62.16 13.5 32.06 14.5
Diabetes medication use
None 36.25 10.4 7.99 3.57 5.75 5.6 64.71 13.6 0.009
Any 63.75 10.4 92.01 3.57 94.25 5.6 35.29 13.6
Functional limitation
No 84.88 5.21 78.88 5.24 60.37 11.6 81.73 12.3 0.25
Yes 15.12 5.21 21.12 5.24 39.63 11.6 18.27 12.3
Weak/failing kidneys
No 89.66 6.02 90.36 4.54 98.26 1.76 96.23 4.4 0.304
Yes 10.34 6.02 9.64 4.54 1.74 1.76 3.77 4.4
Coronary Heart Disease
No 94.77 3.09 91.08 4.39 89.7 6 100 0 0.139
Yes 5.23 3.09 8.92 4.39 10.3 6 0 0
Severe vision problems
No 74.67 8.21 82.59 4.75 69.29 10.0 85.7 9.88 0.603
Yes 25.33 8.21 17.41 4.75 30.71 10.0 14.3 9.88
Anxiety or Depression
No 75.38 7.78 79.01 5.66 57.35 13.3 73.45 12.1 0.609
Yes 24.62 7.78 20.99 5.66 42.65 13.3 26.55 12.1

* Vegetarian diet, Macrobiotic diet, Atkins diet, Pritikin diet, Ornish diet, Zone diet, and South Beach.

† herbal supplements and other non-vitamin/non-mineral dietary supplements.

‡ acupuncture, Ayurveda, biofeedback, chelation therapy, chiropractic care, chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation, energy healing therapy/Reiki, folk medicine, hypnosis, massage therapy, movement based therapies, naturopathy, homeopathic treatment, traditional healers, yoga, tai chi, qi gong, and relaxation techniques

§ Any combination of multiple CM therapies.

|| The denominator used in the calculation of percentages was the number of adults with type-2 diabetes who used any CM therapy to treat/manage their diabetes. Estimates were age adjusted using the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population and using four age groups: 18–24 years, 25–44 years, 45–64 years, and 65 years and over.

¶ Standard Errors.

# The denominator used in the calculation of percentages was the number of adults with type-2 Diabetes who used the indicated type of CM therapy. Estimates were age adjusted using the projected 2000 U.S. population as the standard population and using four age groups: 18–24 years, 25–44 years, 45–64 years, and 65 years and over.

†† Chi-square analyses comparing use of the indicated CM therapies in individuals with Type-2 diabetes who use CM to treat/manage their diabetes

‡‡ Based on the following five measures: 5 or more years since time of diagnosis, use of insulin or oral hypoglycemic drugs, at least one functional limitation attributed to the diabetes, weak or failing kidneys, and severe vision problems.

Nahin et al.

Nahin et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:193   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-193

Open Data