Table 9

Effect of Nuna kadugu on serum electrolytes of experimental Sprague Dawley rats in repeated oral toxicity study
Treatment Sex Serum electrolytes (mmol/l)
Sodium Potassium Chloride Total Calcium pH
Control (0.5% CMC) M(n=5) 136.46±0.59 4.68±0.19 99.48±1.32 2.38±0.02 7.35±0.09
F (n=5) 140.09±0.86 4.06±0.10 100.94±1.95 2.45±0.02 7.42±0.13
MF(n=10) 138.28±0.78 4.37±0.14 100.21±1.14 2.42±0.02 7.39±0.08
NK (300 mg/kg p.o/day) M(n=5) 139.03±0.73 4.40±0.15 99.49±1.14 2.33±0.08 7.41±0.09
F (n=5) 137.76±0.31 4.02±0.08 99.20±0.49 2.47±0.02 7.40±0.06
MF(n=10) 138.39±0.43 4.21±0.10 99.34±0.59 2.40±0.05 7.40±0.05
(600 mg/kg p.o/day) M(n=5) 138.12±0.70 4.35±0.12 99.53±0.33 2.47±0.01 7.38±0.11
F (n=5) 138.03±1.04 4.08±0.12 100.27±0.53 2.38±0.03 7.39±0.05
MF(n=10) 138.07±0.59 4.21±0.09 99.90±0.32 2.42±0.02 7.39±0.06
(900mg/kg p.o/day) M(n=5) 142.58±1.20 4.23±0.13 102.82±1.09 2.41±0.02 7.40±0.09
F (n=5) 134.75±2.47 4.19±0.12 98.15±1.03 2.41±0.05 7.36±0.10
MF(n=10) 138.67±1.84 4.21±0.08 100.49±1.05 2.41±0.03 7.38±0.06
Satellite group
Control (0.5% CMC) M(n=5) 147.40±1.68 4.25±0.04 100.43±1.62 2.36±0.07 7.39±0.09
F (n=5) 132.23±6.90 4.19±0.05 101.02±1.62 2.44±0.07 7.39±0.04
MF(n=10) 139.82±4.19 4.22±0.03 100.73±1.09 2.40±0.05 7.39±0.04
NK (900 mg/kg p.o/day) M(n=5) 140.23±1.15 4.25±0.07 102.02±1.83 2.35±0.09 7.40±0.13
F (n=5) 139.57±0.98 4.20±0.08 99.79±3.32 2.42±0.07 7.40±0.15
MF(n=10) 139.90 ± 0.72 4.23± 0.05 100.90 ± 1.82 2.39± 0.05 7.40 ± 0.09

Values expressed as mean ± SEM; n=10 (5/sex); Significance with Tukey’s test following one way ANOVA is evaluated as *p < 0.05 and **p < 0.01 vs control group.

Ramaswamy et al.

Ramaswamy et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:190   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-190

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