Table 1

Characteristics of the study sample1
Characteristic Sample Any DS2
% (N) % ± SE (N)
Total 100% (990) 53.2 ± 1.84 (536)
Sex
 Male 86.8 (859) 52.6 ± 1.97 (452)
 Female 13.2 (131) 57.3 ± 5.21 (75)
Racial background
 White/Caucasian 69.5 (688) 53.8 ± 2.23 (370)
 Black 17.4 (172) 50.8 ± 4.31 (87)
 Other 13.2 (130) 53.3 ± 4.98 (69)
Age (years)
 18 to 24 41.0 (406) 41.4 ± 2.58 (168)
 25 to 29 21.5 (213) 57.3 ± 3.75 (122)
 30 to 39 26.2 (259) 64.0 ± 3.79 (166)
 40+ 11.3 (112) 63.4 ± 5.88 (112)
Education
 < BS degree 77.5 (767) 48.9 ± 1.92 (375)
 ≥ BS degree 22.5 (223) 68.0 ± 4.53 (152)
Rank
 Enlisted (1-9) 83.5 (827) 50.5 ± 1.86 (417)
 WO/Officer 16.5 (163) 67.2 ± 5.62 (110)
Tobacco use
 Current 43.5 (429) 46.9 ± 2.73 (201)
 Former/Never 56.5 (556) 58.1 ± 2.48 (323)
 Overall health
 Excellent/Good 88.3 (872) 54.2 ± 1.98 (473)
 Fair/Poor 11.7 (115) 45.2 ± 4.92 (52)
Fitness level
 Excellent/Good 76.6 (756) 51.9 ± 3.79 (407)
 Fair/Poor 23.4 (232) 53.8 ± 2.12 (120)
Eating habits
 Excellent/Good 63.3 (624) 55.7 ± 2.33 (348)
 Fair/Poor 36.7 (362) 49.0 ± 3.01 (177)
Last APFT score
 < 240 or unsure (<median) 29.5 (292) 51.8 ± 2.31
 240 - 289 (median) 48.2 (476) 50.3 ± 2.61
 ≥ 290 (> median) 22.3 (220) 61.3 ± 2.33
Adverse event
 No 86.0 (852) 50.4 ± 1.99 (429)
 Yes 14.0 (138) 70.7 ± 4.39 (98)

1 Study sample was weighted by sex, age, rank, and Special Forces status to represent the full Army composition as of January, 2007.

2 Any DS included all DS at defined by the DSHEA legislation that were reported used at least once a week or more often over the last six months prior to the survey. Any DS excludes sports drinks, sports bars/gels and meal replacement beverages.

Carvey et al.

Carvey et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:182   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-182

Open Data