Table 4

Anti-inflammatory activities of water extracts of the selected plants
Name of the plants IC50for the inhibition of NO production (mg/ml) Cell viability (% of cell survival)& IC50for the inhibition of TNF-α production (mg/ml) Cell viability (% of cell survival)&
Acanthopanax senticosus 0.12 ± 0.08 93.85 ± 8.7 1.23 ± 0 106.80 ± 11.6
Actinidia arguta 0.07 ± 0.01 90.3 ± 1.6 0.73 ± 0.25 83.05 ± 4.6
Akebia quinata 0.43 ± 0.05 105.5 ± 7.8 1.63 ± 0.4 84.5 ± 19
Alpinae officinarum 0.12 ± 0.01 92.80 ± 5.1 0.50 ± 0 85.55 ± 13.4
Andrographis paniculata 0.05 ± 0.01 85.20 ± 6.6 0.10 ± 0 77.60 ± 7.2
Artemisia vulgaris 0.05 ± 0 93.2 ± 6.6 0.21 ± 0.03 70.7 ± 0.6
Asparagus cochinchinensis 1.49 ± 1.04 98.35 ± 3.7 >2.5 NA
Aster tataricus 0.14 ± 0.08 98.95 ± 1.5 2.30 ± 0.09 99.70 ± 0.5
Corydalis yanhusuo 0.10 ± 0.01 70.70 ± 9.8 0.92 ± 0.05 62.70 ± 1.6
Curcuma zedoaria 0.25 ± 0.02 81.1 ± 8 1.79 ± 0.23 72.2 ± 1.5
Cynanchum paniculatum 0.24 ± 0.29 96.5 ± 1.1 NA# NA
Cyperus rotundus 0.35 ± 0.37 86.60 ± 19 2.39 ± 0.64 107.50 ± 10.6
Ducheshea indica 0.04 ± 0.02 100.6 ± 1.2 0.38 ± 0 73.95 ± 2.1
Hedyotis diffusa 0.05 ± 0.00 85.60 ± 0 0.70 ± 0.08 57.30 ± 3.1
Leonurus japonicus 0.04 ± 0.00 78.35 ± 6.2 0.18 ± 0.11 62.00 ± 2.5
Ligustrum lucidum 0.14 ± 0.13 88.8 ± 15.8 0.3 ± 0.11 85.6 ± 20.4
Lobelia chinensis 0.36 ± 0.32 91.5 ± 13.5 1.67 51.3 ± 68.9
Lysinachia christinae 0.06 ± 0.00 88.50 ± 0 0.85 ± 0.14 68.90 ± 3.1
Paeonia lactiflora 0.30 ± 0.02 92.80 ± 1 1.07 ± 0.11 72.15 ± 0.5
Paeonia suffuticosa 0.09 ± 0.00 90.30 ± 5.7 0.64 ± 0.09 63.10 ± 3.1
Paris polyphylla 0.13 ± 0.06 91.35 ± 6.2 0.30 ± 0.40 67.1 ± 1.6
Platycodon grandiflorus 0.43 ± 0.08 83.05 ± 3.6 1.79 ± 0.11 59.45 ± 2.1
Plantago asiatica 0.05 ± 0.00 81.9 ± 0 0.1 70 ± 8.7
Pleione bulbocadioides 0.58 ± 0.39 101.5 ± 0.7 1.59 ± 0.22 98.6 ± 2.0
Ploygala tenuifolia 0.10 ± 0.08 89.55 ± 13.8 0.67 ± 0.05 52.55 ± 12.8
Polygonum aviculare 0.23 ± 0.26 87.0 ± 9.20 0 NA
Poria cocos 0.34 ± 0.01 85.9 ± 9.8 0 NA
Pogostemon cablin 0.07 ± 0.00 90.65 ± 9.3 0.42 ± 0.22 67.80 ± 0.6
Prunella vulgaris 0.12 ± 0.11 93.90 ± 6.6 2.38 ± 0.4 94.20 ± 4
Pseudostellaria heterophylla 1.06 ± 0.41 109.0 ± 12.7 >2.5 NA
Rabdosia rubescens 0.05 ± 0.01 90.65 ± 2.1 0.36 ± 0.08 65.60 ± 2.5
Rehmannia glutinosa 1.05 ± 0.92 91.70 ± 11.7 >2.5 NA
Salvia miltiorrhiza 0.20 ± 0.05 95.35 ± 4.6 0.90 ± 0.06 62.00 ± 7.6
Sanguisorba officinalis 0.03 ± 0.01 84.2 ± 5.2 0.07 ± 0.01 72.6 ± 2.1
Schizandra chinensis 0.27 ± 0.32 88.05 ± 16.9 2.31 ± 0.09 107.65 ± 11.8
Scutellaria barbata 0.05 ± 0.03 98.2 ± 2.5 0.6 80.5 ± 20.5
Semen coicis 0.63 ± 0.03 95.40 ± 5.7 1.17 ± 0.22 94.60 ± 5.7
Smilax glabra 0.36 ± 0.38 92.7 ± 13.2 2.35 ± 0.22 104.5 ± 6.4
Solanum nigrum 0 NA 1.24 ± 0.2 67.5 ± 2.1
Solanum lyratum 0.49 ± 0.02 107.5 ± 10.6 1.68 ± 0.89 75.4 ± 7.2
Spatholobus suberectus 0.06 ± 0.02 96.8 ± 1.6 0.2 ± 0.04 82.3 ± 15.8
Tussilago farfara 0.33 ± 0.24 101.0 ± 1.4 >2.5 NA
Uncaria rhyncophylla 0.05 ± 0.02 98.80 ± 1.7 0.45 ± 0.05 92.90 ± 11.5
Viscum coloratum 0.43 ± 0.16 89.20 ± 8.2 2.46 ± 0 104.50 ± 6.4

NA: Not analyzed.

&Cell viability was measured at appropriate IC50 values corresponding to the inhibition of NO and TNF-α.

Ravipati et al.

Ravipati et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:173   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-173

Open Data