Figure 6.

Effect of EMM on the phosphorylations of MAPKs and Akt in RAW 264.7 cells. (A) Cells pretreated with indicated concentrations of EMM for 1 h were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 30 min. (B) Cells pretreated with indicated concentrations of EMM or inhibitors for 1 h were stimulated with LPS (1 μg/mL) for 30 min. Whole cell lysates (40 μg) were analyzed by Western blotting using corresponding antibodies. The results presented are representative of three independent experiments. ap < 0.05 indicates significant differences compared to the control group. bp < 0.05 indicates significant differences compared to the LPS-only treated group.

Joung et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:171   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-171
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