Table 2

Patterns of prenatal useof TM within thestudy population
Intervention Dosing regimen Indication(s)
Holy water Drunk in 3rd trimester or throughout pregnancy in amounts which are at the patient’s discretion. · For protection against evil spirits
· For a safe and uneventful delivery
Soil from burrowing mole Soil is mixed with water and the supernatant is drunk in varying amounts in the 3rd trimester For widening of birth canal to avoid perineal tearing
Pouzolzia mixta (nhanzva) Aqueous extract of root is applied intravaginally in 3rd trimester, usually with manual exercises to dilate the birth canal. For widening of birth canal to avoid perineal tearing
Elephant Dung Dung is mixed with water and variable amounts of the supernatant are drunk during the 3rd trimester For widening of birth canal to avoid perineal tearing
Unknown herbs/concoctions Unspecified amounts are taken during the 3rd trimester or even during labour · For widening of birth canal
· For labour induction
Manual exercises Performed by hand lubricated with oil, soap, warm water or Poulozozia mixta, in 3rd trimester Dilation of birth canal to avoid tearing
Abelmoschus esculuntus (Okra/derere) Cooked and taken orally in the 3rd trimester. · Nutrition
· Widening of birth canal
Hot water/steam baths Taken inconsistently during the 3rd trimester Birth canal dilatation
Cannabis sativum (mbanje) Aqueous extract is drunk as soon as labour commences Labour induction to speed up the labour
Dicerocaryum zanguebarium (ruredzo) Administered both orally and intravaginally in the 3rd trimester Widening of birth canal to avoid tearing
Castor oil 5 ml taken at night daily in 3rd trimester For constipation and labour induction
Rooibos Tea Taken frequently throughout the pregnancy For widening of birth canal to avoid tearing
Other* Varying methods Widening of birth canal and labour induction

*Other interventions used by participants: “church-made” coffee (n  = 1), Albizia amara (muora) (n  = 1), Terminalia sericea (mususu) (n  = 1), hare droppings (n  = 1), warm water drinks (n  = 4), ricinus communis root (n  = 1), avocado seeds (n - 1), apple seeds (n  = 1), Table 2 shows the traditional medicine interventions used and the dosing regimens employed, the stage of pregnancy in which the intervention was used and the number of participants (n) who reported using the intervention. NB: * denotes “Other interventions” used by participants: “church-made” coffee (n = 1), Albizia amara (muora) (n  = 1), Terminalia sericea (mususu) (n  = 1), hare droppings (n  = 1), warm water drinks (n = 4), ricinus communis root (n = 1), avocado seeds (n-1), apple seeds (n  = 1).

Mureyi et al.

Mureyi et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:164   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-164

Open Data