|General characteristics of the four Sasang constitutional types|
|TY type||SY type||TE type||SE type|
|Hyperactive organ system||Lung*||Spleen*||Liver*||Kidney*|
|Hypoactive organ system||Liver*||Kidney*||Lung*||Spleen*|
|Insidious greed and deviations||Indiscipline, Ignobility||Pretentiousness, Frivolity||Acquisitiveness, Avarice||Stealthiness, Prevarication|
|Personality||Communicative, decisive||Forceful, strong-willed||Consistent, reliable||Prudent, composed|
|Sign of health||Plentiful urination||Brisk perspiration||Easy defecation||Comfortable digestion|
|Sign of illness||Restricted urination||Obstructed perspiration||Hindered defecation||Strained digestion|
* These represent the functional and structural conceptualization of organs specific to the Sasang constitutional typology that are completely different from their namesake organs in Western medicine. In Sasang constitutional medicine, the variegated functions of the human body is summarized into the interactions of the four organ systems that represent the following roles in the body: the Lung system is involved in the process of dispersing the energy-fluid material, the Liver system in concentrating the energy-fluid material, the Spleen system in the containing of the water-food material, and the Kidney system in discharging of the water-food material.
[adapted from Kim et al.].
Lee et al.
Lee et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012 12:122 doi:10.1186/1472-6882-12-122