Table 1

Demographic characteristics

Headache (n = 432)

LBP (n = 194)

p value


Gendera

< .001

Male, n (%)

106 (24.5)

74 (38.1)

Female, n (%)

326 (75.5)

120 (61.9)

Age, mean (SD)b

40.1 (13.8)

58.2 (14.3)

< .001

Marital statusa

< .001

Single, n (%)

132 (30.8)

8 (4.2)

Partnership, n (%)

254 (59.2)

123 (64.1)

Divorced/widowed, n (%)

43 (9.0)

61 (29.8)

Educational levela

< .001

No vocational training, n (%)

69 (16.3)

15 (8.2)

Vocational training, n (%)

250 (59.1)

141 (76.6)

University degree, n (%)

93 (22)

26 (14.1)

Other, n (%)

11 (2.6)

2 (1.1)

Employment statisticsa

< .001

Fulltime work, n (%)

202 (47.5)

60 (31.9)

Parttime work, n (%)

81 (19.1)

13 (6.9)

Unemployed/housewife, n (%)

93 (21.9)

22 (11.7)

Pensioner, n (%)

32 (7.5)

80 (42.6)

Invalidity, n (%)

17 (4)

13 (6.9)

Family members by the same pain condition, n (%)a

254 (60.3)

68 (37.6)

< .001


aχ2 test was run; b t test was run

Gaul et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011 11:89   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-89

Open Data