Figure 1.

Effect of the elderberry extract on bacterial growth. Visualization of Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacterial strains exposed to different concentrations of Rubini elderberry extract during growth in liquid culture. Every biological experiment was independently repeated at least three times with two replicates per trial. Standard deviation is indicated. The p < 0.05 was observed for all bacterial species tested.

Krawitz et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011 11:16   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-16
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