Table 3

CAM Therapies Used Specifically for Diabetes: Overall and Compared by ND Interest

    General Category of CAM Therapy

(N, %)

Total Sample (n = 219)

ND Interested (n = 106)

Less ND Interested (n = 114)

P value


Natural Products

93 (43%)

59 (56%)

34 (30%)

0.0001


Mind-Body Therapies

50 (23%)

34 (32%)

16 (14'%)

0.002


Manipulative/Body-based Therapies

20 (9%)

7 (7%)

13 (12%)

0.21


Whole Medical Systems

12 (6%)

9 (8%)

3 (3%)

0.06


Diet-based Therapies

37 (17%)

23 (22%)

14 (12%)

0.07



    Individual CAM Therapy

(N, %)

Total Sample (n = 219)

ND Interested (n = 106)

Less ND Interested (n = 114)

P value


Vitamin/mineral supplements

73 (34%)

49 (46%)

24 (22%)

0.0001


Herbal/nutritional supplements

51 (24%)

39 (38%)

12 (11%)

0.0001


Meditation

32 (15%)

22 (21%)

10 (9%)

0.01


Deep breathing exercises

34 (16%)

23 (22%)

11 (10%)

0.05


Massage therapy

14 (6%)

5 (5%)

9 (8%)

0.33


Vegetarian diet

14 (6%)

9 (8%)

5 (2%)

0.22


Yoga

12 (5%)

7 (7%)

5 (2%)

0.48


Low glycemic index diet

12 (5%)

7 (7%)

5 (2%)

0.48


High-dose vitamin/mega-vitamins therapy

12 (5%)

9 (8%)

3 (3%)

0.06


Chiropractic or Osteopathic Manipulation

9 (4%)

5 (5%)

4 (4%)

0.66


Progressive Muscle Relaxation

9 (4%)

6 (6%)

3 (3%)

0.26


South Beach diet

9 (4%)

5 (5%)

4 (4%)

0.66


Atkins diet

7 (3%)

4 (4%)

3 (3%)

0.64


Folk medicine

5 (2%)

3 (3%)

2 (2%)

0.60


Table 3 reports the frequency of CAM use by the entire survey sample and compared by ND Interest subgroups. The reported P-values are for differences in proportions compared between subgroups by chi2 test.

Bradley et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011 11:121   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-121

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