Table 4

Phase 1: EMR-derived Clinical Outcomes

Overall use of health care services

Medication use (opiates, sedatives, hypnotics, and antidepressants)

Pain-related procedures (injections, imaging, surgery)

Pain-related visits (primary and specialty care)

Emergency room/Urgent care visits

Evidence of sleep problems

Adverse events attributed to conventional, acupuncture, or chiropractic care treatment for chronic musculoskeletal pain

Mood disorder diagnoses (depression, anxiety)

DeBar et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011 11:118   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-11-118

Open Data