Table 1

Properties of Unani plants used in this study

Family

Common name 1/2

Botanical name

Parts used

Uses

Class of compound

Name of compound


Capparidaceae

Dog mustard/Hurhur

Cleome icosandra

Seed3, leaves, flower

It is vata and kapha suppressant, a good pain reliever, also a good antibacterial and antiwormal, reduces pus formation in the wounds, helpful in convulsions, has a good effect on digestive tract and improves indigestion condition in the body, increases sweating in the body

Coumarino-lignans

Cleomiscosin A, C,

Rosaceae

Golap/Gulab

Rosa damascena

Petals3

Gulkhand made by the mixture of rose petals and white sugar in equal proportion act as the tonic and laxative, used as herbal tea in the treatment of cold and cough

Components of Essential oil

Flavonol and their glycosides

Flavonoid

Citronellol, Geraniol, Linalool etc.

Glycosides of Kaempferol and Quercetin

Quercetin, Kaempferol

Cyperaceae

Umbrella's edge/Nagarmotha

Cyperus scariosus

Root3

Intestinal disorders, astringent, diaphoretic, diuretic, desiccant, cordial, and stomachic properties, treatment of gonorrhea

Essential Oils

Some volatile compounds reported till date from the oil are atchoulanol, selina-4, etc.

Rubiaceae

Gummy gardenia/Dikamali

Gardenia gummifera

Resin3

Kapha skin disease, indigestion, worm infestation, diarrhea and infections, the resin has antiseptic property

Flavonoids, Flavone

Seco-cycloartenol derivatives

Gardenin E

Dikmaliartanes

Pinaceae

Himalayan fir/Dodimma

Abies pindrow

Bark3, leaves, trunk

Disorders with inflammatory system

Proanthocyanidins

Potential rich sources up to 5% of bark weight

Valerianaceae

Gilgiti valerian/Ganeshpawrobati

Valeriana wallichii

Roots3

Antisplasmodic, stimulant, calmative and stomachic, useful in diseases of eye and liver, used as a remedy for hysteria, hypochondriasis, nervous unrest and emotional arrest, also useful in clearing voice and acts as a stimulant in advance stage of fever and nervous disorder

Essential oil and volatile oil

Iridous

0.3-1% volatile oil content

Valtrate, didrovaltrate, acetovaltate, etc.

Apocynaceae

Tellycherry bark/Kurchi

Holarrhena antidysenterica

Bark3

The bark is used as an astringent, anthelmintic, antidontalgic, stomachic, febrifuge, antidropsical, diuretic, in piles, colic, dyspepsia, chest affections and as a remedy in diseases of the skin and spleen, use as a well-known drug for amoebic dysentery and other gastric disorders

Poly-phenolics

Plant sterols

β-sitosterol

Asteraceae

Pellitory/Akarkara

Anacyclus pyrethrum

Root3

Stimulant, sialogogue, and rubefacient properties

Glycosides

Phenolic acids

Lignans

Flavone glycosides

Chlorogenic acid

Sesamin

Orchidaceae

Orchid/Salebpanja

Orchis mascula

Flower, tuber3

Tonic, aphrodisiac, yield a lot of mucilage with water and form a jelly that is supposed to be nutritious and useful in diarrhea, dysentery, and chronic fever

Bitter principle and a volatile oil

Asphodelaceae

Onion weed/Jangli pyaz

Asphodelus tenuifolius

Bulb3, seed

As diuretic and on inflammation

Flavonoid

Luteolin and its glycosides


1English name 2Hindi name 3Plant part used in this study

Kalim et al. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2010 10:77   doi:10.1186/1472-6882-10-77

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