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Open Access Case report

Lippes Loop intrauterine device left in the uterus for 50 years: case report

Rosita Aniulienė1* and Povilas Aniulis2

Author Affiliations

1 Department obst/gyn of LUHS hospital, Eiveniu 2, Kaunas LT-50009, Lithuania

2 Department of urology of LUHS hospital, Eiveniu 2, Kaunas LT-50009, Lithuania

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BMC Women's Health 2014, 14:97  doi:10.1186/1472-6874-14-97

Published: 15 August 2014

Abstract

Background

The first Lippes Loop intrauterine device (IUD) was introduced in 1962. It was a plastic double “S” loop, a trapezoid shaped IUD that closely fit around the contours of the uterine cavity, reducing the incidence of expulsion. This IUD was commonly used from the 1960’s to the 1980’s. Some authors state that the IUD can be left in the uterine cavity for an indefinite amount of time. Prolonged use of this device was common, however, it was associated with some complications like uterine bleeding during post-menopausal period and inflammatory pelvic diseases.

Case presentation

The patient was a 74-years-old woman who was admitted to a university hospital due to urinary incontinence stress. The patient’s history included 2 deliveries and 20 years of menopause. During ultrasonography a normally sized and shaped uterus was found. The uterine cavity was expanded by 14 mm with some fluid. A “Lippes” loop was also seen in the uterine cavity. Both ovaries were atrophic without any abnormalities. The patient had her IUD inserted 50 years ago. Patient underwent TOT (tension obturator tape ) surgery for urinary incontinence. Evacuation of IUD and uterine curettage was also done.

Conclusions

Fifty years of prolonged usage of LIPPES IUD had no influence on the woman’s health during our case.

Keywords:
Intrauterine device (IUD); Contraception; LIPPES device