Table 2

The association of patient characteristics to the total number of transitions during the last two and four weeks of life

Characteristic

Adjusted* Rate Ratio (RR) (95% CI)


Four weeks prior to death

Two weeks prior to death


Gender (vs male)

Female

0.77 (0.66, 0.89)

0.69 (0.58, 0.82)


Location of death (vs home)

Inpatient PCP unit

2.98 (2.45, 3.62)

4.09 (3.26, 5.13)

Hospital

1.46 (1.23, 1.72)

1.94 (1.59, 2.37)

Long term care

0.39 (0.24, 0.64)

0.54 (0.31, 0.92)


Year of death (vs 1998)

1999

0.60 (0.48, 0.76)

0.54 (0.41, 0.70)

2000

0.72 (0.57, 0.90)

0.69 (0.53, 0.89)

2001

0.58 (0.46, 0.73)

0.57 (0.44, 0.75)

2002

0.69 (0.54, 0.87)

0.60 (0.46, 0.79)


Diagnoses (vs other disease, no cancer)

Lung cancer

0.97 (0.71, 1.33)

0.87 (0.61, 1.25)

Colorectal

0.68 (0.48, 0.97)

0.66 (0.44, 0.99)

Female breast

0.57 (0.39, 0.84)

0.53 (0.34, 0.82)

Prostate

0.45 (0.29, 0.69)

0.38 (0.23, 0.61)

Lymphatic & hematopoietic tissue

1.08 (0.72, 1.62)

1.01 (0.63, 1.62)

All other cancers

0.89 (0.65, 1.21)

0.75 (0.52, 1.06)


Primary reason for referral to PCP (vs home consultation)

Pain

1.38 (1.04, 1.82)

1.46 (1.06, 2.01)

Other symptom control

1.52 (1.13, 2.06)

1.56 (1.11, 2.20)

Patient or family support

1.21 (0.90, 1.62)

1.18 (0.84, 1.66)

Staff support

1.49 (0.90, 2.49)

1.26 (0.69, 2.28)


* Controlled for all other variables in model. Age, the census residency indicator, neighbourhood income quintile and relationship of the primary caregiver were not significantly associated with the total number of transitions in the final multivariate regression model.

Notes: 1. The log number of days between date of PCP admission and death for each patient was accounted for in the regression as the 'offset'.

2. The regression coefficients were exponentiated to express effects as rate ratios.

Lawson et al. BMC Palliative Care 2006 5:4   doi:10.1186/1472-684X-5-4

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