Table 2

Statistical significant of trends from joinpoint analysis of percentage of place of death by age, causes of death and regions.

Characteristics

Trend 1

Trend 2

Trend 3

Trend 4

Trend 5


Years

APC1

Years

APC

Years

APC

Years

APC

Years

APC


All country

Home

1951–1966

-1.77*

1966–1977

-3.17*

1977–1990

-5.46*

1990–1994

-2.78*

1994–2002

-4.80*

Hospital

1951–1960

8.28*

1960–1968

6.64*

1968–1982

4.65*

1982–1990

2.83*

1990–2002

0.76*

Rural-Home

1951–1967

-1.28*

1967–1976

-2.48*

1976–1994

-4.41*

1994–2002

-6.73*

Rural -Hospital

1951–1964

8.56*

1964–1982

5.77*

1982–1990

3.54*

1990–2002

1.58*

Urban-Home

1951–1965

-1.76*

1965–1976

-3.19*

1976–1990

-5.76*

1990–1994

-1.89

1994–2002

-3.74*

Urban-Hospital

1951–1955

1.46*

1955–1968

6.11*

1968–1982

4.06*

1982–1989

2.76*

1989–2002

0.56*

Regions

Hokaido

1951–1966

-2.74*

1966–1977

-5.56*

1977–1987

-6.70*

1987–1990

-8.82*

1990–2002

-1.60*

Kantou

1951–1965

-2.08*

1965–1977

-3.19*

1977–1990

-6.09*

1990–2002

-3.05*

Kinji

1951–1962

-2.07*

1962–1976

-2.62*

1976–1989

-5.64*

1989–1994

-1.24*

1994–2002

-3.62*

Kyuusyu

1951–1968

-1.65*

1968–1977

-3.74*

1977–1988

-6.24*

1988–2002

-5.46*

Shikoku

1951–1968

-1.71*

1968–1978

-3.85*

1978–1989

-5.21*

1989–1994

-2.99*

1994–2002

-5.51*

Touhoku

1951–1968

-1.51*

1968–1980

-3.30*

1980–1994

-4.22*

1994–2002

-5.84*

Tyuubu

1951–1976

-1.45*

1967–1976

-2.73*

1976–1991

-4.60*

1991–1994

-2.78*

1994–2002

-5.95*

Tyuugoku

1951–1965

-1.53*

1965–1977

-3.00*

1977–1989

-5.00*

1989–1994

-3.13*

1994–2002

-6.41*

Causes of death

Cerebrovascular

1955–1972

-1.07*

1972–1991

-4.79*

1991–1994

-1.75

1994–1997

-10.43*

1997–2002

-7.47*

Heart disease

1995–1966

-0.96*

1966–1969

-5.51*

1969–1977

-2.48*

1977–1989

-4.70*

1989–2002

-2.54*

Cancer

1955–1970

-4.53*

1970–1982

-9.55*

1982–1990

-7.78*

1990–1994

3.54*

1994–2002

-2.04*

Age

65–74

1980–1989

-8.77*

1989–1997

-3.15*

1997–2002

-0.19

75–84

1980–1990

-7.45*

1990–1994

-3.50*

1994–1997

-9.04*

1997–2002

-4.31*

85 and over EU

1980–1989

-5.19*

1989–1994

-3.71*

1994–2000

-9.80*

2000–2002

-7.29*


1APC is the annual percent change.

The APC is statistically significantly different from 0 (two-side p < 0.05). * p < 0.05

NOTE: Joinpoint, APC, and significant of APC are estimated using joinpoint analysis (JPA). The maximum of four joinpoints and five line segments was allowed for each long-term trend. In addition, segments had to contain at least two observed data points, and no segment could begin or end closer than two data points from the beginning or end of the data series.

Yang et al. BMC Palliative Care 2006 5:2   doi:10.1186/1472-684X-5-2

Open Data