Table 3

Breathlessness scores. Baseline scores only given for patients providing relevant follow-up data. Values are mean (standard deviation)

Endpoint

Group

Baseline

Follow-up

p value for within group change

Difference between means+

95% C.I.

p value for between group comparison


Immediately post-treatment

Acupuncture

n = 19: 4.09 (2.32)

n = 19: 3.36 (2.21)

0.003

0.34

-0.33, 1.02

0.3

Placebo

n = 14: 3.41 (2.79)

n = 14: 2.42 (2.64)

0.003

Immediately post-treatment (pre-treatment score >2)

Acupuncture

n = 15: 4.87 (1.92)

n = 15: 3.99 (2.03)

0.003

0.45

-0.55, 1.46

0.4

Placebo

n = 8: 5.28 (2.18)

n = 8: 3.92 (2.50)

0.01

Mean of seven day breathlessness diary

Acupuncture

n = 10*: 6.58 (1.71)

n = 16*: 5.07 (2.12)

0.4

0.56**

-0.39, 1.51

0.2

Placebo

n = 7*: 5.99 (1.71)

n = 14*: 3.77 (2.39)

0.07


+ Positive indicates worse score in acupuncture group.

* Some patients providing post-treatment diaries gave baseline data only for the immediately pre-treatment period

**n = 13 for placebo group: one patient had no baseline data.

Vickers et al. BMC Palliative Care 2005 4:5   doi:10.1186/1472-684X-4-5

Open Data