Table 1

Location of acupuncture points.

Point            

Laterality    

Anatomical location


Ren6

Unilateral

On the midline of the lower abdomen, 1.5 cun* inferior to the umbilicus and 3.5 cun* superior to the pubic symphysis

LU1

Bilateral

On the lateral aspect of the chest, in the first intercostal space, 6 cun* lateral to the midline,

LU7

Bilateral

On the radial aspect of the forearm, in the cleft between the tendons of brachioradialis and abductor pollicis longus

ST36

Bilateral

Below the knee, 3 cun* inferior to Dubi ST35, one finger breadth lateral to the anterior crest of the tibia.

KI6

Bilateral

1 cun* below the prominence of the medial malleolus, in the groove formed by two ligamentous bundles.

Auricular lung point

Bilateral

Medial and distal aspect of the tragus

Auricular kidney point

Bilateral

Medial and proximal aspect of the cymba conchae

Sternal points OR Ren17

Unilateral

Two needles inserted in the top two inches of the sternum and inserted down to the periosteum. Weak or cachectic patients were treated at Ren17, which is found on the anterior midline, at the level with the fourth intercostal space, midway between the nipples

Sham sternal

Unilateral

Two points anywhere in the upper two inches of the sternum: placebo needle only

Sham1

Bilateral

Posterior wrist, between radius & ulna, 1 cun* distal to radial & ulnar heads

Sham2

Bilateral

Anterior arm, 3 cun* proximal and 3 cun* medial to the antecubital crease

Sham3

Bilateral

Anterior arm, center of biceps brachii (midway between shoulder joint and antecubital crease)

Ear Sham

Bilateral

Adjacent to the "finger point", just below the helix of the auricle, at the apex


* a "cun" is a practical measurement used by acupuncturists equivalent to the greatest width of a patient's thumb at the distal phalanx

Vickers et al. BMC Palliative Care 2005 4:5   doi:10.1186/1472-684X-4-5

Open Data