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Assessment of the face validity of two pain scales in Kenya: a validation study using cognitive interviewing

Kristin TL Huang12, Claudio Owino135, Rachel C Vreeman14, Mildred Hagembe15, Festus Njuguna15, R Matthew Strother16 and Gregory P Gramelspacher16*

Author Affiliations

1 USAID - Academic Model Providing Access to Healthcare (AMPATH), P.O. Box 4806, Eldoret, Kenya

2 Harvard Medical School, 25 Shattuck Street, Boston, Massachusetts, 02115, USA

3 Moi University School of Medicine, P.O. Box 4606, 030100, Eldoret, Kenya

4 Department of Pediatrics, Indiana University School of Medicine, 410 W. 10th Street, HITS 1000, Indianapolis, Indiana, 46202, USA

5 Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital, Nandi Road, P.O. Box 3, 30100, Eldoret, Kenya

6 Department of Medicine, Indiana University School of Medicine, 545 Barnhill Drive, E317, Indianapolis, Indiana, 46202, USA

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BMC Palliative Care 2012, 11:5  doi:10.1186/1472-684X-11-5

Published: 18 April 2012

Additional files

Additional file 1:

Cognitive Interview Probes.

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