Table 3

Distribution of oral health behaviors among immigrant and native mothers and their children
Items Immigrant Native p-value
N % N %
Maternal oral health behaviors
Cleaning teeth
 How many times do you brush your teeth every day? 0.964
  Once 10 6.80 27 6.18
  Twice 105 71.43 314 71.85
  Three times or more 32 21.77 96 21.97
 How many minutes do you spend brushing your teeth? 0.061
  One minute 35 24.31 84 19.22
  Two minutes 53 36.81 210 48.05
  Three minutes or more 56 38.89 143 32.72
 How long do you replace your tooth brush? <0.001
  Within three months 99 68.28 325 74.54
  More than three months 19 13.10 85 19.50
  When it broke 27 18.62 26 5.96
 Do you use dental floss? <0.001
  Yes 54 37.24 327 74.49
  No 91 62.76 112 25.51
 Do you use fluoride toothpastes? <0.001
  Yes 35 24.31 276 62.73
  No 36 25.00 131 29.77
  Uncertain 73 50.69 33 7.50
Diet habit
 How many times per week do you consume sweeten beverages? 0.015
  Once 79 54.86 180 41.10
  Twice 20 13.89 74 16.89
  Three times or more 45 31.25 184 42.01
 How many times per week do you consume sweets? <0.001
  Once 95 65.97 200 45.98
  Twice 17 11.81 95 21.84
  Three times or more 32 22.22 140 32.18
Dental visit
 Do you regularly visit a dentist? 0.010
  Yes, every six months 20 13.51 103 23.41
  No 128 86.49 337 76.59
 Have you visited the dentist in the past two years? <0.001
  Yes 105 71.92 388 89.20
  No 41 28.08 435 10.80
Maternal behaviors toward oral health of their children
Cleaning teeth of children
 How old was your child the first time you assisted him/her in brushing his/her teeth? <0.001
  Before aged one year 55 37.67 271 61.73
  Aged one to two years 58 39.73 87 19.82
  After aged two years 33 22.60 81 18.45
 How often do you replace your child’s toothbrush? <0.001
  Within three months 94 64.38 324 73.97
  More than three months 22 15.07 95 21.69
  When it broke 30 20.55 19 4.34
 Do you use a feeding bottle before your child goes to sleep? 0.150
  Yes 46 31.51 111 25.40
  No 100 68.49 326 74.60
 Do you direct your child to brush his/her teeth? 0.739
  Yes 145 97.97 427 97.49
  No 3 2.03 11 2.51
 How many minutes does your child spend brushing his/her teeth? <0.001
  One minute 53 40.15 189 47.13
  Two minutes 39 29.55 165 41.15
  Three minutes or more 40 30.30 47 11.72
Diet habit of children
 How many times per week do your children consume sweets? 0.013
  Once 41 27.89 77 17.78
  Twice 26 17.69 112 25.87
  Three times or more 80 54.42 244 56.35
 How many times per week do your children consume sweeten beverages? 0.054
  Once 62 42.76 145 33.03
  Twice 30 20.69 128 29.16
  Three times or more 53 36.55 166 37.81
Dental visit of children
 Do you regularly take your child to the dentist? <0.001
  Yes, every six months 80 53.69 379 86.53
  No 69 46.31 59 13.74
 Have you taken your child to the dentist in the past two years? <0.001
  Yes 104 71.72 378 86.50
  No 41 28.28 59 13.50

Chen et al.

Chen et al. BMC Oral Health 2014 14:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-14-3

Open Data