Table 3

Associations between independent dental variables and obesity
Independent variable Adjustment BMI WHR Waist
OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI) OR (95% CI)
No of teeth (continuous variable) Crude 0.96 (0.95-0.98) 0.97 (0.96-0.99) 0.96 (0.95-0.98)
Age 0.97 (0,95-0.99) 0.98 (0.96-0.99) 0.97 (0.95-0.99)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 0.97 (0.95-1.00) 0.98 (0.96-1.00) 0.97 (0.95-0.99)
No of teeth (categorized: 0, 1–9, 10–19; reference: ≥20) Crude 1.35 (1.17-1.56) 1.25 (1.09-1.42) 1.38 (1.21-1.56)
Age 1.29 (1.10-1.52) 1.18 (1.02-1.36) 1.27 (1.11-1.46)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.22 (1.01-1.48) 1.19 (1.00-1.42) 1.25 (1.06-1.47)
No of teeth (<20 teeth, reference: ≥20 teeth) Crude 1.95 (1.40-2.73) 1.67 (1.28-2.19) 1.94 (1.47-2.55)
Age 1.78 (1.23-2.56) 1.51 (1.13-2.02) 1.61 (1.20-2.18)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.67 (1.10-2.55) 1.48 (1.05-2.07) 1.60 (1.13-2.28)
No of restored teeth* (continuous variable) Crude 0.96 (0.93-0.98) 0.98 (0.96-1.00) 0.97 (0.95-0.99)
Age 0.96 (0.94-0.99) 0.99 (0.96-1.01) 0.97 (0.95-0.99)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 0.97 (0.94-1.00) 0.99 (0.96-1.01) 0.98 (0.95-1.00)
Teeth with carious lesions* (yes, reference: no) Crude 1.02 (0.63-1.65) 1.37 (0.92-2.01) 1.25 (0.85-1.84)
Age 0.98 (0.60-1.59) 1.32 (0.90-1.95) 1.19 (0.80-1.75)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 0.78 (0.45-1.36) 1.34 (0.86-2.11) 0.81 (0.51-1.28)
Latest dental visit (≥1 year, reference: <1 year) Crude 1.76 (1.21-2.56) 1.23 (0.88-1.71) 1.58 (1.14-2.19)
Age 1.63 (1.12-2.38) 1.13 (0.81-1.58) 1.41 (1.02-1.97)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.42 (0.91-2.22) 1.18 (0.79-1.76) 1.29 (0.87-1.92)
Dental visit habits (<once a year, reference: ≥once a year) Crude 1.83 (1.23-2.71) 1.29 (0.90-1.85) 1.96 (1.39-2.75)
Age 1.64 (1.10-2.46) 1.16 (0.81-1.67) 1.70 (1.20-2.41)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.28 (0.79-2.09) 1.20 (0.77-1.86) 1.51 (0.99-2.31)
Xerostomia (≥6 months, reference: <6 months) Crude 1.67 (1.19-2.35) 1.37 (1.02-1.83) 1.60 (1.20-2.14)
Age 1.55 (1.09-2.19) 1.26 (0.94-1.70) 1.43 (1.06-1.92)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.33 (0.90-1.98) 1.04 (0.75-1.45) 1.20 (0.86-1.68)
Masticatory function (poor, reference: acceptable) Crude 1.29 (0.87-1.91) 1.06 (0.76-1.47) 1.11 (0.79-1.55)
Age 1.23 (0.83-1.83) 1.01 (0.73-1.41) 1.04 (0.74-1.46)
Age, SES, lifestyle, dental anxiety, co-morbidity 1.16 (0.73-1.83) 0.85 (0.58-1.25) 0.94 (0.63-1.40)

Dependent variables: anthropometric measures BMI ≥30 kg m2 , WHR ≥ 0.80 and waist > 88 cm.

Confounders entered in model as specified: SES (socio-economic status = marital status, social and economic situation), lifestyle (tobacco and alcohol use, physical activity, participation in cultural activities), dental anxiety and co-morbidity (diabetes, hypertension, angina pectoris and/or myocardial infarction).

* edentulous individuals excluded (n = 126).

Östberg et al.

Östberg et al. BMC Oral Health 2012 12:50   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-50

Open Data