Table 2

Risk Indicators of Gingivitis and Periodontitis

Variables

Healthy

Gingivitis

Periodontitis

Total

p-value*

p-value


N (%)

N (%)

N (%)

N (%)


Gender

Male

23 (9.7)

193 (81.8)

20 (8.5)

236 (39.7)

Female

74 (20.7)

258 (72.1)

26 (7.3)

359 (60.3)

Income (JOD)

< 400

28 (9.5)

237 (80.6)

29 (9.9)

295 (49.6)

< 0.0005

< 0.0005

≥ 400

69 (23.0)

214 (71.3)

17 (5.7)

300 (50.4)

Education (Years)

≤ 12

21 (11.1)

135 (71.4)

33 (17.5)

189 (31.8)

0.101

< 0.0005

> 12

76 (18.8)

316 (78.0)

13 (3.2)

406 (68.2)

Residency

Urban

65 (18.5)

264 (75)

23 (6.5)

352 (59.2)

0.122

0.051

Rural

32 (13.2)

187 (77.3)

23 (9.5)

243 (40.8)

BMI (Kg/m2)§

< 25

78 (20.9)

280 (74.9)

16 (4.3)

375 (62.9)

0.002

< 0.0005

25-29

16 (9.7)

130 (78.8)

19 (11.5)

165 (27.8)

≥ 30

3 (5.6)

40 (74.1)

11 (20.4)

54 (9.3)

Dental visits

Regular

28 (29.5)

60 (63.2)

7 (7.4)

95 (16.0)

0.0005

0.070

On need

40 (17.0)

178 (75.5)

17 (7.2)

236 (39.7)

Emergency

29 (11.0)

213 (80.7)

22 (8.3)

264 (44.3)

Brushing

No brushing

1 (1.7)

53 (91.0)

4 (6.9)

58 (9.7)

< 0.0005

< 0.0005

Irregular(< 1/day)

17 (9.8)

138 (79.3)

19 (10.9)

174 (29.2)

Regular (≥ 2/day)

79 (21.8)

260 (71.0)

23 (6.4)

363 (61.1)

Smoking

No

88 (18.3)

357 (74.4)

35 (7.3)

481 (81.1)

0.018

0.027

Past

1 (5.9)

13 (76.5)

3 (17.6)

17 (2.9)

Current

7 (7.4)

80 (84.2)

8 (8.4)

95 (16.0)

Family history

Yes

22 (13.2)

126 (75.4)

19 (11.4)

167 (28.2)

0.304

0.024

No

74 (17.5)

323 (76.2)

27 (6.4)

425 (71.8)


*Gingivitis vs. Healthy

Periodontitis vs. Healthy

Jordanian Dinars

§ Body Mass Index

Ababneh et al. BMC Oral Health 2012 12:1   doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-1

Open Data