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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Prevalence and risk indicators of gingivitis and periodontitis in a Multi-Centre study in North Jordan: a cross sectional study

Khansa Taha Ababneh1*, Zafer Mohammad Faisal Abu Hwaij1 and Yousef S Khader2

Author Affiliations

1 Periodontology, Department of Preventive Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

2 Community Medicine & Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, Jordan University of science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan

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BMC Oral Health 2012, 12:1  doi:10.1186/1472-6831-12-1

Published: 3 January 2012

Abstract

Background

There are limited data about the epidemiology and risk factors/indicators of gingivitis, aggressive periodontitis (AgP) and chronic periodontitis (CP) in Jordan. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence and risk indicators of gingivitis, AgP and CP.

Methods

A sample of 595 subjects was randomly selected from subjects escorting out-patients attending a Medical Center, a Dental Teaching Hospital, and 2 private dental clinics. The socio-demographic variables, oral hygiene habits, income, smoking and Body Mass Index (BMI) were recorded. Full mouth periodontal examination was performed, and radiographs were taken for sites with probing depth > 3 mm.

Results

About 76% had gingivitis, 2.2% had AgP and 5.5% had CP. Periodontitis was more frequent among males than females with a M: F ratio of 1.6:1 and the prevalence increased with age. Subjects who reported not using a tooth brush, smokers and subjects with BMI > 30 kg/m2 had significantly higher prevalence of periodontitis. The risk for periodontitis was greater among subjects who reported positive family history and subjects with ≤ 12 years of education.

Conclusions

This is the first study to report on the prevalence of gingivitis, CP and AgP in North Jordanian. Age, low education, low frequency of tooth brushing and family history were significantly associated with increased risk of periodontitis.

Keywords:
Prevalence; Odds Ratio; Aggressive Periodontitis; Chronic Periodontitis; Gingivitis; Jordan