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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Single-tooth replacement: factors affecting different prosthetic treatment modalities

Firas A Al-Quran12*, Raed F Al-Ghalayini3 and Bashar N Al-Zu'bi4

Author Affiliations

1 P.O. Box 3030 IRBID 22110, Jordan University of Science and Technology (JUST)/Faculty of Dentistry, Irbid/Jordan

2 P.O Box 27272, M28-135, University of Sharjah/Sharjah/United Arab Emirates

3 Shemesani Dental Center, Shemesani/Amman, P.O. Box 8627 Amman 11121, Jordan

4 College of Dentistry/Al-Jouf University, PO. B 2014 Al-Jouf - Skaka KSA

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BMC Oral Health 2011, 11:34  doi:10.1186/1472-6831-11-34

Published: 21 December 2011

Abstract

Background

The choice between several treatment options for replacing a single missing tooth is influenced by clinical, dentist- and patient-immanent factors. This study aimed to determine the patient factors that would affect the treatment decision to replace a single missing tooth and to assess the satisfaction with several options.

Method

200 volunteers involved (121 females and 79 males) divided into four groups, Group A: consisted of patients with conventional fixed partial dentures or patients with resin bonded fixed partial dentures. Group B: consisted of patients who received removable partial dentures while Group C: consisted of patients who received a single implant supported crown, and a control group D: consisted of patients who received no treatment. Data were collected using a questionnaire.

Results

The highest percentage of males within groups (58%) was within the removable prostheses category. The majority of the subjects in the study reported that the main reason for replacing a missing tooth was for esthetic and function. Most important factor affecting the choice between treatment modalities was damaging the neighboring teeth. Pain, post operative sensitivity and dental phobia were important factors in choosing the prosthesis type and affected the control group patients not to have any treatment. The highest satisfaction percentage among groups studied was recorded for dental implants then FPD groups, while the least percentage were in both the control and RPD groups, for all aspects of function, esthetic and speech efficiency.

Conclusions

The final choice between FPD, RPD and implant depended on several factors which affected the decision making; among these is cost and patients' awareness of the different treatment options.