Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Mucus extravasation and retention phenomena: a 24-year study

Alethea M Hayashida1, Daniel CZ Zerbinatti1, Ivan Balducci2, Luiz Antonio G Cabral3 and Janete D Almeida3*

Author Affiliations

1 Private Dentist, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

2 Department of Social Science and Pediatric Dentisty, São José dos Campos Dental School, São Paulo State University (UNESP), São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil

3 Department of Biosciences and Oral Diagnosis, São José dos Campos Dental School, São Paulo State University (UNESP), São José dos Campos, São Paulo, Brazil

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BMC Oral Health 2010, 10:15  doi:10.1186/1472-6831-10-15

Published: 7 June 2010

Abstract

Background

Mucoceles are benign lesions related to the minor salivary glands and their respective ducts frequently affecting oral structures which are generally asymptomatic. Mucoceles are generally characterized by swollen nodular lesions preferentially located on the lower lip and differ from the so-called ranulas, which are lesions located on the floor of the mouth and related to the sublingual or submandibular glands.

Methods

The objective of the present study was to analyze data such as age, gender, race and site of the lesion of 173 mucocele cases diagnosed at the Discipline of Stomatology, São José dos Campos Dental School, UNESP, over a period of 24 years (April 1980 to February 2003).

Results

Of the 173 cases analyzed, 104 (60.12%) were females and 69 (39.88%) were males. Age ranged from 4 to 70 years (mean ± SD: 17 ± 9.53) and most patients were in the second decade of life (n = 86, 49.42%); white (n = 124, 71.68%). The lower lip was the site most frequently affected by the lesions (n = 135, 78.03%), whereas the lowest prevalence was observed for the soft palate, buccal mucosa, and lingual frenum.

Conclusion

In this study, mucoceles predominated in white female subjects in the second decade of life, with the lower lip being the most frequently affected site.