Table 1

Characteristics in men and women

Women

Men

Characteristics

m.v.

m

sd

(q1–q3)

m.v.

m

sd

(q1–q3)

p-value


n = 838

n = 833

Age, years

0

48

12

0

48

12

0.875

Fasting p-glucose, mmol L-1

0

5.3

1.1

0

5.5

1.1

0.001

2 h p-glucose, mmol L-1

33

5.8

2.1

32

5.5

2.2

0.017

Systolic BP, mm Hg

0

121

14

0

125

14

<0.001

Diastolic BP, mm Hg

0

69

9

0

72

9

<0.001

Waist circumference, cm

0

85

12

0

95

12

<0.001

Hip circumference, cm

0

102

9

0

100

9

<0.001

WHR (waist-hip-ratio)

0

0.83

0.06

0

0.94

0.06

<0.001

BMI, kg m-2

1

26.8

4.5

0

26.9

4.6

0.442

Morning cortsiol, mmol L-1, all

0

12.5

(9.0–18.0)

0

11.1

(8.0–16.0)

<0.001

Morning cortsiol, <50 years

0

12.4

(9.0–18.0)

0

10.5

(7.0–15.0)

<0.001

Morning cortsiol, ≥ 50 years

0

12.5

(9.0–18.0)

0

12.1

(8.0–18.0)

0.491

Evening cortsiol, mmol L-1, all

0

2.3

(2.0–3.0)

0

2.2

(2.0–3.0)

0.132

Evening cortsiol, <50 years

0

2.2

(2.0–3.0)

0

2.1

(1.0–3.0)

0.386

Evening cortsiol, ≥ 50 years

0

2.7

(2.0–3.0)

0

2.5

(2.0–3.0)

0.183

Δ-cortisol, mmol L-1, all

0

5.3

(3.5–9.0)

0

5.0

(3.3–8.0)

0.086

Δ-cortisol, <50 years

0

5.8

(3.7–9.5)

0

5.1

(3.3–8.5)

0.004

Δ-cortisol, ≥ 50 years

0

4.6

(3.0–8.0)

0

4.8

(3.0–7.7)

0.469

Alcohol consumption, g/weeka

6

22

(0–30)

2

61

(10–77)

<0.001b

m.v.

n

%

m.v.

n

%

p-value

Oral contraceptives

-

64

6

-

-

-

-

HRT

-

26

5

-

-

-

-

Low physical activity, yes/no

8

50

7

11

67

7

0.094

Daily smoking, yes/no

3

182

21

4

128

15

0.001

Primary school only, yes/no

16

221

37

17

292

44

<0.001


All means (m) are adjusted for differences in age and proportions are standardised for age using the Vara population as standard. M.v. = missing values, P-glucose = plasma glucose, Δ-cortisol = logarithmic morning salivary cortisol – logarithmic evening saliva cortisol, HRT = hormone replacement therapy. For all cortisol variables means and quartiles 1–3 (q1–q3) are geometric (anti-log).

a 10 g alcohol is equivalent to approximately 1 glass of wine or 1 small beer.

b The p-value is accounted for the generally higher physiological acceptance for alcohol in men as compared to women.

Larsson et al. BMC Endocrine Disorders 2009 9:16   doi:10.1186/1472-6823-9-16

Open Data