Table 3

Examination of frequency of contact between patient and health care professional in study interventions

Intervention categories and studies

Intervention increases contact between patient and health care professional?

Results based on comparisons between study participants?

Notes


Video Conference

Gelfand, 2003 [33]

Unclear

NA

No adequate discussion

Smith, 2009 [25]

Yes

NA

Increased communication in some participants


Mobile phone

Franklin, 2006 [42]

Yes

Yes

Improved perception of quantity of support but no clinical impact (p > .05)

Franklin, 2008 [38]

Yes

Yes

Found no statistically significant correlation (p > .05)

Rami, 2006 [39]

Yes

Yes*

No adequate discussion


Telephone

Adkins, 2006 [34]

Unclear

NA

No adequate discussion

Howells, 2002 [44]

Yes

Yes

Instructed to increase contact in intervention

Nunn, 2006 [46]

Yes

Yes

Instructed to increase contact in intervention


Novel communication

Cadario, 2007 [48]

Yes

Yes

Intervention design could lead to more clinician contacting patient

Chase, 2003 [40]

Yes

No

Instructed to increase contact in intervention

Corriveau, 2008 [35]

Yes

Yes**

Intervention design could lead to more clinician contacting patient. Fewer face-to-face consultations (2.8 +/- 0.2 (SE) vs. 3.5 +/- 0.1)

D'Annunzio, 2003 [32]

Yes

NA

Intervention design could lead to more clinician contacting patient

Farmer, 2005 [41]

Yes

Yes

Real-time data transfer and design of study may increase communication. No significant influence with contact frequency and change in HbA1c (p = .6)

Gay, 2006 [43]

Yes

Yes

Instructed to increase contact in intervention

Liesenfeld, 2000 [37]

Unclear

NA

Descriptive statistics only. No adequate discussion

Malasanos, 2005 [26]

Unclear

NA

No formal presentation of results

Marrero, 1995 [45]

Yes

Yes

Intervention design could lead to more clinician contacting patient. No significant relationship with communication

Rosenflack, 1993 [47]

Yes

Yes†

Intervention 338 [255-490]. Comparison A 231 [160-350] (p < .007). Comparison B 96 [50-150] (p < .0001) ‡


Web-based

Gerber, 2007 [36]

Yes

NA

Increased contact during initial stages of research then decline


* Comparison between low and high message senders (+/-50%); ** Comparison between rural and urban patient visits;

† 'Time consumption' compared between intervention and 2 control groups; ‡ Value based on sum of minutes per patient per year

Sutcliffe et al. BMC Endocrine Disorders 2011 11:1   doi:10.1186/1472-6823-11-1

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