Table 3

Associations between the prevalence rates of disability and anxiety and depression in both genders

Gender

Severe disabilitya

Abnormal anxietyb

Severe disabilitya

Abnormal depressionc

present (n [%])

not present (n [%])

present (n [%])

not present (n [%])


F

present

8 (6.5)

23 (18.5)

present

6 (4.8)

25 (20.2)


not

present

10 (8.1)

83 (66.9)

not

present

13 (10.5)

80 (64.5)


x2 (1) = 3.09, p = 0.079;

x2 (1) = 0.185, p = 0.667


M

present

9 (11.8)

6 (7.9)

present

10 (13.2)

5 (6.5)


not

present

9 (11.8)

52 (68.4)

not

present

12 (15.8)

49 (64.5)


x2 (1) = 11.1, p = 0.001;

OR: 8.7 (2.5 - 30.3)

x2 (1) = 10.60, p = 0.001;

OR: 8.2 (2.4 - 28.4)


a Subjects who rated their disability as mild or moderate were put together in the category 'severe disability not present'

b Anxiety was assessed with the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Subjects with scores of ≥ 11 points were found to have abnormal anxiety [40].

c Depression was assessed with the depression subscale of the HADS. Subjects with scores ≥ 9 points in HADS-D were found to have abnormal depression [40].

F indicates female (n = 124), M male patients (n = 76), OR odds ratio.

Chi-square statistic was calculated with the Mantel-Haenszel test.

An adjustment of the significance value was calculated: alpha/n; n = number of comparisons; alpha = 0.05: corrected significance level: 0.05/4 = 0.0125

Kurre et al. BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 2012 12:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6815-12-2

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