Table 2

Frequencies of female and male participants in subgroups of disability, anxiety and depression

Variables

Categories

Female (n = 124) (n [%])

Male (n = 76) (n [%])

Chi-square statistics


Severe disabilitya

present

31 (25.0)

15 (19.2)

x2 (1) = 0.467;


not present

93 (74.9)

63 (80.8)

p = 0.494


Abnormal anxietyb

present

18 (14.5)

18 (23.7)

x2 (1) = 2.088;


not present

106 (85.5)

58 (76.3)

p = 0.148


Abnormal depressionc

present

19 (15.3)

22 (28.9)

x2 (1) = 4.541;


not present

105 (84.7)

54 (71.0)

p = 0.033


a Subjects who rated their disability as mild or moderate were put together in the category 'severe disability not present

b Anxiety was assessed with the anxiety subscale of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Subjects with scores of ≥ 11 points were found to have abnormal anxiety [40].

c Depression was assessed with the depression subscale of the HADS. Subjects with scores ≥ 9 points in Chi-square statistic was calculated with the Mantel-Haenszel test. HADS-D were found to have abnormal depression [40].

An adjustment of the significance value was calculated: alpha/n; n = number of comparisons; alpha = 0.05: corrected significance level: 0.05/3 = 0.017

Kurre et al. BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 2012 12:2   doi:10.1186/1472-6815-12-2

Open Data