Table 3

Associations between the DHI, the original subscales, the retained factors, disability items and the HADS

Level of disability

Limitation of daily activity/participation

(UCLA-DQ3)

HADS

HADS-A

HADS-D


DHI-G

0.71**

0.55**

0.59**

0.43**

0.66**

E

0.63**

0.57**

0.62**

0.46**

0.67**

F

0.71**

0.51**

0.54**

0.39**

0.62**

P

0.46**

0.34**

0.36**

0.26**

0.40**

Factor

3.1

0.70**

0.60**

0.60**

0.43**

0.68**

Factor

3.2

0.53**

0.40**

0.35**

0.26**

0.39**

Factor

3.3

0.53**

0.34**

0.52**

0.39**

0.56**

Factor

4.1

0.70**

0.60**

0.60**

0.43**

0.68**

Factor

4.2

0.44**

0.35**

0.27**

0.22**

0.28**

Factor

4.3

0.53**

0.33**

0.47**

0.33**

0.55**

Factor

4.4

0.52**

0.42**

0.47**

0.37**

0.48**


Values are Spearman correlation coefficients: ** correlation is significant at 0.01 level (1-tailed); * correlation is significant at the 0.05 level (1-tailed). Bold face indicates moderate associations.

Abbreviations: DHI-G indicates Dizziness Handicap Inventory-German version; E, F and P, emotional, functional, and physical subscales of the DHI-G; Factor 3.1 - 3.3 indicate the 3 components of the 3-factor solution; Factor 4.1 - 4.4 the 4 components of the 4-factor solution; HADS, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Subscale; HADS-A, anxiety subscale of the HADS; HADS-D, depression subscale of the HADS; UCLA-DQ3, item 3 of the University of California Los Angeles -Dizziness Questionnaire

Kurre et al. BMC Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders 2010 10:3   doi:10.1186/1472-6815-10-3

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