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Open Access Research article

Structure determination of human Lck unique and SH3 domains by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy

Lars Briese1 and Dieter Willbold123*

Author Affiliations

1 Institut für Molekulare Biotechnologie, 07745 Jena, Germany

2 IBI-2, Forschungszentrum Jülich, 52425 Jülich, Germany

3 Institut für Physikalische Biologie, Heinrich-Heine-Universität, 40225 Düsseldorf, Germany

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BMC Structural Biology 2003, 3:3  doi:10.1186/1472-6807-3-3

Published: 7 May 2003

Abstract

Background

Protein tyrosine kinases are involved in signal transduction pathways that regulate cell growth, differentiation, activation and transformation. Human lymphocyte specific kinase (Lck) is a 56 kDa protein involved in T-cell- and IL2-receptor signaling. Three-dimensional structures are known for SH3, SH2 and kinase domains of Lck as well as for other tyrosine kinases. No structure is known for the unique domain of any Src-type tyrosine kinase.

Results

Lck(1–120) comprising unique and SH3 domains was structurally investigated by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. We found the unique domain, in contrast to the SH3 part, to have basically no defined structural elements. The solution structure of the SH3 part could be determined with very high precision. It does not show significant differences to Lck SH3 in the absence of the unique domain. Minor differences were observed to the X-ray structure of Lck SH3.

Conclusion

The unique domain of Lck does not contain any defined structure elements in the absence of ligands and membranes. Presence of the unique domain is not relevant to the three-dimensional structure of the Lck SH3 domain.