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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Structural model of nicotinic acetylcholine receptor isotypes bound to acetylcholine and nicotine

Matthieu Schapira1*, Ruben Abagyan12 and Maxim Totrov1

Author Affiliations

1 Molsoft LLC, 3366 North Torrey Pines Court, Suite 300, La Jolla, CA, 92037

2 Molecular Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, 10550 North Torrey Pines Court (TPC-28), La Jolla, CA, 92037

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BMC Structural Biology 2002, 2:1  doi:10.1186/1472-6807-2-1

Published: 18 January 2002

Abstract

Background

Nicotine is a psychoactive drug presenting a diverse array of biological activities, some positive, such as enhancement of cognitive performances, others negative, such as addiction liability. Ligands that discriminate between the different isotypes of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) could present improved pharmacology and toxicity profile.

Results

Based on the recent crystal structure of a soluble acetylcholine binding protein from snails, we have built atomic models of acetylcholine and nicotine bound to the pocket of four different human nAChR subtypes. The structures of the docked ligands correlate with available biochemical data, and reveal that the determinants for isotype selectivity are relying essentially on four residues, providing diversity of the ligand binding pocket both in terms of Van der Waals boundary, and electrostatic potential. We used our models to screen in silico a large compound database and identify a new ligand candidate that could display subtype selectivity.

Conclusion

The nAChR-agonist models should be useful for the design of nAChR agonists with diverse specificity profiles.