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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Elastic network model of allosteric regulation in protein kinase PDK1

Gareth Williams

Author Affiliations

Wolfson Centre for Age-Related Diseases, Kings College London, London Bridge, London SE1 1UL, UK

BMC Structural Biology 2010, 10:11  doi:10.1186/1472-6807-10-11

Published: 25 May 2010

Abstract

Background

Structural switches upon binding of phosphorylated moieties underpin many signalling networks. The ligand activation is a form of allosteric modulation of the protein, where the binding site is remote from the structural change in the protein. Recently this structural switch has been elegantly demonstrated with the crystallisation of the activated form of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1). The purpose of the present work is to determine whether the allosteric coupling in PDK1 emerges at the level of a simple coarse grained model of protein dynamics.

Results

It is shown here that the allosteric effects of the agonist binding to the small lobe upon the activation loop in the large lobe of PDK1 are explainable within a simple 'ball and spring' elastic network model (ENM) of protein dynamics. In particular, the model shows that the bound phospho peptide mimetic fluctuations have a high degree of correlation with the activation loop of PDK1.

Conclusions

The ENM approach to small molecule activation of proteins may offer a first pass predictive methodology where affinity is encoded in residues remote from the active site, and aid in the design of specific protein agonists that enhance the allosteric coupling and antagonist that repress it.