Email updates

Keep up to date with the latest news and content from BMC Chemical Biology and BioMed Central.

Open Access Research article

Chemogenetic fingerprinting by analysis of cellular growth dynamics

Jonas Warringer1*, Dragi Anevski2, Beidong Liu1 and Anders Blomberg1

Author affiliations

1 Department of Cell and Molecular biology, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

2 School of Mathematical Sciences, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden

For all author emails, please log on.

Citation and License

BMC Chemical Biology 2008, 8:3  doi:10.1186/1472-6769-8-3

Published: 22 August 2008

Abstract

Background

A fundamental goal in chemical biology is the elucidation of on- and off-target effects of drugs and biocides. To this aim chemogenetic screens that quantify drug induced changes in cellular fitness, typically taken as changes in composite growth, is commonly applied.

Results

Using the model organism Saccharomyces cerevisiae we here report that resolving cellular growth dynamics into its individual components, growth lag, growth rate and growth efficiency, increases the predictive power of chemogenetic screens. Both in terms of drug-drug and gene-drug interactions did the individual growth variables capture distinct and only partially overlapping aspects of cell physiology. In fact, the impact on cellular growth dynamics represented functionally distinct chemical fingerprints.

Discussion

Our findings suggest that the resolution and quantification of all facets of growth increases the informational and interpretational output of chemogenetic screening. Hence, by facilitating a physiologically more complete analysis of gene-drug and drug-drug interactions the here reported results may simplify the assignment of mode-of-action to orphan bioactive compounds.