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Open Access Highly Accessed Research article

Generation of functional scFv intrabody to abate the expression of CD147 surface molecule of 293A cells

Khajornsak Tragoolpua1, Nutjeera Intasai2, Watchara Kasinrerk13, Sabine Mai4, Yuan Yuan56 and Chatchai Tayapiwatana17*

Author Affiliations

1 Division of Clinical Immunology, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand

2 Division of Clinical Microscopy, Department of Medical Technology, Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand

3 Biomedical Technology Research Unit, National Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, National Science and Technology Development Agency at the Faculty of Associated Medical Sciences, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand

4 Department of Physiology, Manitoba Institute of Cell Biology, CancerCare Manitoba, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg R3E 0V9, Canada

5 Department of Molecular Biology and the Skaggs Institute for Chemical Biology, The Scripps Research Institute, La Jolla, California 92037, USA

6 Millipore Bioscience Division, 28820 Single Oak Drive, Temecula, CA 92590, USA

7 BioMedical Engineering Center, Chiang Mai University, Chiang Mai, 50200, Thailand

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BMC Biotechnology 2008, 8:5  doi:10.1186/1472-6750-8-5

Published: 29 January 2008

Abstract

Background

Expression of intracellular antibodies (intrabodies) has become a broadly applicable technology for generation of phenotypic knockouts in vivo. The method uses surface depletion of cellular membrane proteins to examine their biological function. In this study, we used this strategy to block the transport of cell surface molecule CD147 to the cell membrane. Phage display technology was introduced to generate the functional antibody fragment to CD147, and we subsequently constructed a CD147-specific scFv that was expressed intracellularly and retained in the endoplasmic reticulum by adenoviral gene transfer.

Results

The recombinant antibody fragments, Fab and scFv, of the murine monoclonal antibody (clone M6-1B9) reacted specifically to CD147 by indirect enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) using a recombinant CD147-BCCP as a target. This indicated that the Fab- and scFv-M6-1B9 displaying on phage surfaces were correctly folded and functionally active. We subsequently constructed a CD147-specific scFv, scFv-M6-1B9-intrabody, in 293A cells. The expression of CD147 on 293A cell surface was monitored at 36 h after transduction by flow cytometry and demonstrated remarkable reduction. Colocalization of scFv-M6-1B9 intrabody with CD147 in the ER network was depicted using a 3D deconvolution microscopy system.

Conclusion

The results suggest that our approach can generate antibody fragments suitable for decreasing the expression of CD147 on 293A cells. This study represents a step toward understanding the role of the cell surface protein, CD147.