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Open Access Research article

Cloning, expression and biochemical characterization of the cholesterol oxidase CgChoA from Chryseobacterium gleum

Renate Reiss, Greta Faccio, Linda Thöny-Meyer and Michael Richter*

Author Affiliations

Empa. Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology, Laboratory for Biomaterials, Lerchenfeldstr. 5, 9014 St. Gallen, Switzerland

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BMC Biotechnology 2014, 14:46  doi:10.1186/1472-6750-14-46

Published: 21 May 2014

Abstract

Background

Cholesterol oxidases are important enzymes for applications such as the analysis of cholesterol in clinical samples, the synthesis of steroid derived drugs, and are considered as potential antibacterial drug targets.

Results

The gene choA encoding a cholesterol oxidase from Chryseobacterium gleum DSM 16776 was cloned into the pQE-30 expression vector and heterologously expressed in Escherichia coli JM109 co-transformed with pRARE2. The N-terminally His-tagged cholesterol oxidase (CgChoA) was assigned to be a monomer in solution by size exclusion chromatography, showed a temperature optimum of 35°C, and a pH optimum at 6.75 using 0.011 M MOPS buffer under the tested conditions. The purified protein showed a maximum activity of 15.5 U/mg. CgChoA showed a Michaelis-Menten like kinetic behavior only when the substrate was dissolved in water and taurocholate (apparent Km = 0.5 mM). In addition, the conversion of cholesterol by CgChoA was studied via biocatalytic batches at analytical scale, and cholest-4-en-3-one was confirmed as product by HPLC-MS.

Conclusion

CgChoA is a true cholesterol oxidase which activity ranges among the high performing described cholesterol oxidases from other organisms. Thus, the enzyme broadens the available toolbox of cholesterol oxidases for e.g. synthetic and biosensing applications.

Keywords:
Chryseobacterium gleum; Cholesterol oxidase; Recombinant expression in Escherichia coli; Biocatalysis; Taurocholate