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Open Access Research article

Human TGFalpha-derived peptide TGFalphaL3 fused with superantigen for immunotherapy of EGFR-expressing tumours

Quanbin Xu1*, Xiaojuan Zhang2, Junjie Yue1, Chuanxuan Liu1, Cheng Cao1, Hui Zhong1 and Qingjun Ma1*

Author Affiliations

1 Beijing Institute of Biotechnology, Taiping Road 27, Beijing, PR China

2 Institute of Genetics and Developmental Biology, No.1 West Beichen Road, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, PR China

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BMC Biotechnology 2010, 10:91  doi:10.1186/1472-6750-10-91

Published: 22 December 2010

Abstract

Background

Monoclonal antibodies have been employed as targeting molecules of superantigen for the preclinical treatment of a variety of tumours. However, other targeting molecules, such as tumour-related ligands or peptides, are less exploited. Here, we tested other targeting molecules by genetically fusing the third loop of transforming growth factor alpha (TGFalphaL3) to mutant staphylococcal enterotoxin A (SEAD227A).

Results

The resultant fusion proteins were expressed in E. coli and purified to homogeneity through a Ni-NTA affinity column. Fusion protein TGFalphaL3SEAD227A can promote splenocyte proliferation to a level comparable to recombinant SEA (rSEA) and bind to EGFR-expressing tumour cells in an EGFR-dependent way. Consistent with these observations, TGFalphaL3SEAD227A exerted an inhibitory effect on the growth of EGFR-expressing tumour cells both in vitro and in vivo. Notably, significant infiltrations of CD8+ and CD4+ T cells were detected in the tumour tissues of these C57BL/6 mice treated with TGFalphaL3SEAD227A, suggesting the involvement of T cells in this tumour-inhibitory process.

Conclusions

The data here showed that TGFαL3 is capable of targeting superantigen to tumours and exerting an inhibitory effect on tumour growth, which enables TGFαL3SEAD227A to be an attractive candidate for the immunotherapy of EGFR-expressing tumours.