Rheumatoid arthritis, gold therapy, contact allergy and blood cytokines
1 Department of Dermatology, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden
2 Department of internal medicine, Section of Rheumatology, Kristianstad Central Hospital, Kristianstad, Sweden
3 Department of Surgical Pathophysiology, Malmö University Hospital, Sweden
BMC Dermatology 2002, 2:2 doi:10.1186/1471-5945-2-2Published: 1 February 2002
To study the clinical and biochemical effects of a low starting dose for gold therapy in rheumatoid arthritis patients with a contact allergy to gold.
Serum cytokines were assayed before and 24 h after the first injection of gold sodium thiomalate (GSTM).
Contact allergy to gold was found in 4 of 19 patients. Compared to gold-negative patients (starting dose: 10 mg GSTM), there was a larger increase in serum TNFalpha (p < 0.05), sTNF-R1 (NS), and IL-1 ra (p < 0.05) in gold-allergic patients.
Cytokines are released in blood by GSTM in RA patients with gold allergy. To minimize the risk of acute adverse reactions the starting dose of GSTM should be lowered to 5 mg. Alternatively, patients should be patch-tested before gold therapy; in test-positive cases, 5 mg is recommended as the first dose.