Table 4

Gender based comparison of mean (±SD) of energy intake, percentage of macronutrients contribution to energy and micronutrients intake between case and control groups
Energy and nutrients intake Case (n = 44) Control (n = 44)
Male (n = 15) Female (n = 29) Male (n = 15) Female (n = 29)
Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD Mean ± SD
Energy (Kcal) 2056 ± 210 1812 ± 331 * 2011 ± 224 1590 ± 148
Percentage of macronutrients contribution to energy Carbohydrate (%) 50.5 ± 3.6 51.8 ± 6.6 51.7 ± 4.7 53.1 ± 4.3
Fat (%) 33.3 ± 4.1 33.3 ± 5.5 33.7 ± 4.0 31.9 ± 3.9
Protein (%) 16.2 ± 3.5 14.9 ± 3.0 15.1 ± 2.2 15.0 ± 1.7
Micronutrients Vitamin A (RE) 1259.7 ± 432.4 1514.6 ± 503.4 1462.4 ± 515.8 1398.3 ± 470.1
Vitamin E (mg) 5.9 ± 2.6 5.7 ± 3.5 5.6 ± 2.3 4.1 ± 1.9
Fiber (g) 7.6 ± 4.0 6.2 ± 3.2 7.4 ± 3.9 5.3 ± 1.8
Zinc (mg) 6.7 ± 2.3 4.7 ± 2.2 6.3 ± 3.2 4.8 ± 1.8
Selenium (μg) 49.6 ± 34.8 30.7 ± 12.7 27.7 ± 9.9 35.8 ± 17.2

*Significant difference using Independent t-test (p < 0.05).

Ismail et al.

Ismail et al. BMC Dermatology 2012 12:13   doi:10.1186/1471-5945-12-13

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