Table 2

Factors associated with the 5-year cumulative incidence of asthma and incidence of rhinitis in eczema patients aged 1–2 years in Sweden
Risk factor at baseline Incidence of asthma (N = 2063) Incidence of rhinitis (N = 2751)
Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval) P-value Adjusted odds ratio* (95% confidence interval) P-value
Eczema at baseline <0.001
No 1.0 <0.001 1.0
Yes 3.07 (1.79-5.27) 2.63 (1.85-3.73)
Gender 0.006
Female 1.0 0.003 1.0
Male 2.20 (1.30-3.72) 1.59 (1.14- 2.23)
Age of the child 0.290
12-23 month 1.0 0.340 1.0
24-35 month 0.78 (0.47-1.30) 0.84 (0.60-1.16)
Parental history of allergic disease& <0.001
No parent with allergic disease 1.0 <0.001 1.0
Parent(s) with history of allergic disease 1.83 (1.29-2.60) 2.00 (1.59-2.51)
Asthma in the child <0.001
No -- -- 1.0
Yes 2.80 (1.66-4.70)
Breastfeeding&& 0.446
Breastfeeding longer than 6 month 1.0 0.044 1.0
Breastfeeding up to 6 month 1.57 (1.03-2.39) 1.13 (0.83-1.54)
Number of bedrooms with PVC 0.106
No PVC in bedroom 1.0 0.288 1.0
PVC in one bedroom 1.36 (0.65-2.83) 1.60 (1.02- 2.51)
PVC in two bedrooms 1.57 (0.89-2.78) 1.30 (0.90-1.90)
Type of dwelling 0.546
Single family house 1.0 0.605 1.0
Multi family house 1.21 (0.60-2.44) 1.15 (0.73-1.81)
Smoking by parents 0.707
No 1.0 0.810 1.0
Yes 0.92 (0.47-1.79) 0.92 (0.60-1.42)
Number of adults living with the child 0.942
Two or more 1.0 0.208 1.0
One 0.43 (0.10-1.81) 1.03 (0.50-2.11)

*Adjusted by logistic regression for all other variables listed in the table.

&linear effect aOR, with reference category no parent; other categories one parent, and two parents.

&& linear effect aOR, with reference category longer than 6 months; other categories up to 6 months, and no breastfeeding.

von Kobyletzki et al.

von Kobyletzki et al. BMC Dermatology 2012 12:11   doi:10.1186/1471-5945-12-11

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