Table 3

Comparison of cystoscopic findings with biopsy pathology

Cystoscopy data


Biopsy results

Normal*

(N = 144)

Benign lesion (N = 5)

Tumors

(N = 38)


Positive for cancer

(N = 17)

0

0

17


Negative for cancer

(N = 70)

49

5

21


* not all patients with normal cystopscopy underwent bladder biopsy.

Nakamura et al. BMC Urology 2009 9:12   doi:10.1186/1471-2490-9-12

Open Data